Chapter 27: The Reproductive System - Adaptive follow up questions from mastering a & p

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1

What is the most common bacterial transmitted disease in the U.S?

Chlamydia

2

The muscular wall of the uterus is called the ___.

Myometrium

3

Which of the following structures passes through the inguinal canal?

A) The Spermatic Cord

B) The Prostatic Urethra

C) The Ejaculatory Duct

D) Epididymis

A) The Spermatic Cord

4

___ is a sexually transmitted disease that is associated with cervical cancer.

Genital Warts

5

Which of the following structures makes up most of the male urethral length?

A) Ejaculatory Duct

B) membranous Urethra

C) Prostatic Urethra

D) Spongy Urethra

D) Spongy Urethra

6

Which is the most correct sequence of sperm flow in the male duct system?

Seminiferous Tubules

Epididymis

Vas Deferens

Ampulla

Ejaculatory Duct

Urethra

7

All EXCEPT which of the following statements about a vasectomy are true?

A) It is only about 10% reversible.

B) The part of the ductus deferens that lies in the scrotum is cut.

C) It is a minor surgical procedure.

D) It is a highly effective method of birth control.

A) It is only about 10% reversible.

8

The functional layer of the endometrium is shed in response to ___.

decreased progesterone levels

9

The ___ develop into the female duct system.

paramesonephric ducts

10

Which cell type is actually ovulated from the ovary?

A) oogonium

B) tertiary oocyte

C) ovum

D) secondary oocyte

E) primary oocyte

D) Secondary oocyte

11

The ___ is shed during menstruation.

Stratum Functionalis

12

The uterine layer shed with each monthly cycle is the __________.

Functional layer of the endometrium

13

In which uterine phase does the functional layer of the endometrium start to rebuild?

Proliferative

14

The usual site of fertilization is the __________.

Uterine Tube

15

Choose the FALSE statement about oogenesis.

A) In oogenesis, three polar bodies and one functional gamete are produced.

B) Oogenesis occurs in the ovaries.

C) Primary oocytes are stalled in prophase I until puberty.

D) In humans, the secondary oocyte must complete meiosis II before it can be fertilized.

D) In humans, the secondary oocyte must complete meiosis II before it can be fertilized.

16

Which of the following is MISMATCHED?

A) ovarian cycle; monthly series of events associated with maturation of an egg

B) ovulation; secondary oocyte is released

C) luteal phase; characterized by decreased progesterone levels

D) follicular phase; maturation of a primordial follicle to form a secondary oocyte

C) luteal phase; characterized by decreased progesterone levels

17

In response to warmth, the scrotum ___.

increases its surface area

18

The ___ of the mammary glands are responsible for producing milk during lactation.

alveoli

19

Which of the following hormones causes the oocyte to mature?

A) LH

B) FSH

C) testosterone

D) estrogen

B) FSH

20

Ovulation in a typical, or "average", cycle usually occurs on day ___.

14

21

The primary sex organ of the male is the ___.

Testes

22

The basic difference between spermatogenesis and oogenesis is that ___.

one mature ovum is produced in oogenesis, and four mature sperm are produced in spermatogenesis

23

Converison of haploid spermatids to spermatozoa is specifically called ___.

spermiogenesis

24

Which of the following absorb heat from the testes?

A) the testicular veins

B) the testicular arteries

C) the interstitial cells

D) the pampiniform plexus

D) the pampiniform plexus

25

The organ that makes estrogen and progesterone is the ___.

Ovary

26

The ares of the sperm cell that contains many mitochondria is the ___.

Midpiece

27

Which of the following is considered a primary sex organ in females

A) ovary

B) uterus

C) vagina

D) mammary glands

A) Ovary

28

In response to parasympathetic stimulation ___.

blood flow increases to the penis

29

What male structure is homologous to the female's clitoris?

Penis

30

___ is considered the primary sex organ in males.

Testes

31

If the testes are both removed before puberty, will secondary sex characteristics develop in the male?

No, they will not develop and the man will be sterile.

32

Which of the following statements about myoid cells is true?

A) They surround the seminiferous tubules and contract rhythmically to squeeze sperm and testicular fluid through the tubules out of the testes.

B) When they contract, they cause wrinkling of the scrotal skin.

C) They form a straight tubule that conveys sperm into the rete testis.

D) They elevate the testes.

A) They surround the seminiferous tubules and contract rhythmically to squeeze sperm and testicular fluid through the tubules out of the testes.

33

The reason why the testes are suspended in the scrotum is ___.

to provide for a cooler temperature

34

T/F: The main component of semen is sperm.

FALSE

Seminal fluid account for appx. 70%.

35

Which of the following is FALSE regarding the female sexual response?

A) Female orgasm is not required for conception.

B) Testosterone is the hormone that is primarily responsible for female libido.

C) The female sexual response is similar to that of males.

D) The final phase of the female sexual response is orgasm.

B) Testosterone is the hormone that is primarily responsible for female libido.

36

___ hormone is NOT involved in the regulation of the number of sperm produced in the testes.

PSA

PSA is a prostate cancer marker and is not involved in the regulation of spermatogenesis.

37

Generally the site of fertilization of the ovulated oocyte

Fallopian Tubes

38

Finger-like projections that brush over the ovary

Fimbriae

39

Receives, retains and nourishes a fertilized ovum.

Uterus

40

Thin walled structure that connects the uterus to the body exterior

Vagina

41

House and form the female gametes

Ovaries

42

The sperm's acrosome ___.

Contains enzymes

** The acrosome contains enzymes that allow the sperm to penetrate the egg.

43

___ make testosterone.

Interstitial cells

44

___ are the site of sperm production in the testes.

Seminiferous Tubules

45

___ is the fibrous capsule of the testes.

Tunica Albuginea

46

___ is the site of sperm storage.

Epididymis

47

___ cools arterial blood to keep the testes below core temperature.

Pampiniform Venous Plexus

48

___ cells, located between seminiferous tubules, produce testosterone.

Interstitial