Western Civilization CH13

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1

The "Elizabethan Settlement" included all of the following EXCEPT:

accepting papal authority over the monasteries and convents.

2

Luther’s pamphlets became sensations with To the Christian Nobility, which:

sold 4,000 copies in only a few days.

3

Martin Luther joined the ___ monastic order.

Augustinian

4

The Swiss city of Zürich is most often associated with which Protestant reformer?

Zwingli.

5

Prior to founding the Society of Jesus, Ignatius Loyola was:

a mercenary soldier.

6

Luther’s religious reforms included all of the following EXCEPT:

denying that Christ was truly present at the Lord's Supper.

7

When peasants in much of Germany revolted against their landlords:

Luther condemned the revolt and urged the ruthless suppression of the rebels.

8

The central feature of Calvinist worship was:

rebaptism.

9

One of the images used to depict both the pope and Luther in a negative light was:

a seven-headed beast.

10

Luther received support from German princes for a number of reasons, such as:

all of the possible answers are correct. .

11

The "tower experience" refers to:

where Luther received his insights into God's justice.

12

During the sixteenth century, in both Protestant and Catholic countries, marriage practices changed to encourage:

. more parental control over their children's choice of marriage partners

13

Luther believed that works of piety and charity were:

the natural outgrowth of justification and Christian devotion.

14

At the Council of Trent, the Catholic Church:

reaffirmed almost all of the doctrines that Protestants criticized.

15

Perhaps the two most influential religious texts of the sixteenth century were Loyola’s Spiritual Exercises and:

Calvin's Institutes.

16

After 1525, Protestantism was "domesticated" by becoming more politically conservative and by focusing on:

The patriarchal family as the central institution of reformed life.

17

Luther believed that procreating children:

was a deep-seated urge of human nature.

18

Luther was protected from persecution and harm:

by Frederick the Wise.

19

The Reformation changed the role of the family in Protestant society by:

arguing that sin could be checked if women married at a young age.

20

Henry VIII’s first wife was:

Catherine of Aragon

21

In comparison to Lutheranism, Calvinism was much more:

authoritarian with respect to personal conduct and morality

22

Why would Clement VII not permit King Henry VIII of England to divorce Catherine of Aragon and marry Anne Boleyn?

Because Catherine's nephew, Emperor Charles V, controlled Rome at the time and disapproved of Henry's request for a divorce

23

The Peace of Augsburg in 1555:

established the principle that the ruler of a territory determined the religion of that territory.

24

In contrast to Lutherans, Zwinglians, and Calvinists, Anabaptists:

believed that only adults should be baptized, not children.

25

By the 1560s the area of Europe that seemed to have the greatest Lutheran confessional affiliation was:

Northern Germany and Scandinavia