respiratory system

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1

Pulmonary ventilation –

moving air into and out of the lungs

2

External respiration –

gas exchange between the lungs and the blood

3

Transport –

transport of oxygen and carbon dioxide between the lungs and tissues

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Internal respiration –

Internal respiration – gas exchange between systemic blood vessels and tissue.

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muscles of quiet breathing

Diaphragm & external intercostal muscles

6

Muscles of forced inspiration

Diaprhragm & external intercostal muscles

sternocleidomastoid,

Errector spine,

Serratus posterior superior

scalene

pectoralis minor

7

muscles of forced expiration

Internal intercostal muscles

Abdominal muscles

Transverse thoracis

Serratue posterior inferior

8

Bronchiodilators

Ventolin

-Beta Adrenergic agonist

- mimmic sympathetic response

Albuterol

Treats asthma

9

Bronchodilators

Atrovent

-ACH receptor blocker

-blocks the parasympathetic response

Ipratropium

10

Combinent or Duonab

Treats Asthma

Albuterol + Ipratropium

11

excess fluid in the pleural cavity can be caused by :

Pulmonary edema

Cirrhosis of the liver

lung infection

lung cancer

Pleural Effusion

12

Patient sign & symptom

Severe chest pain with breathing

cracking noise heard with lung sounds

chest x ray show immflamuation of the serous membrane of the left lung.

pleurisy

13

Flovent ( inhaled steroid)

Treats Asthma

Flutticasone

14

budesonide + Formertorol

Treatment for :Asthma

symbicort

15

Cancer that arise from the psedosntratified columnar epithelium

Epithelium changed to stratified squamous epithelium

Squamous cell cancer

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cancer arises from mucin producing glands

Adenocarcinoma

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small cell carcinoma

arises from neuro- endocrine cells in the bronchi