List 5 key steps in policy making process
- Agenda Building: process through which strategic issues gain decision
- Policy Formulation: courses of action for addressing what has been placed on the policy agenda
- Policy Adoption: policies are adoptedby government bodies for future implementation.
- Policy Implementation: policies are put into effect.
- Policy Evaluation: principles and methods to examine the content, implementation or impact of a policy
US Domestic Policy
- administrative decisions that are directly related to all issues and activity within a nation's borders
- business, education, energy, health care, law enforcement, money and taxes, natural resources, social welfare, and personal rights and freedoms.
- actions that governments take in the economic field
- taxation, government budgets, the money supply and interest rates as well as the labor market, national ownership
Origin of foreign policy process
State Departments Role and who are they responsible to
World regions where most immigrants to US Originate
- Latin America
- all laws, government planning, and government actions that concern internal issues of national importance, such as poverty, crime, and envionment
- a nation's external goals and the techniques and strategies used to achieve them
- the process by which nations carry on political relations with one another and resolve conflicts by peaceful means
- "hydraulic fracking"
- injection of high-pressure solution of water, sand and chemicals into hydrocarbon bearing rocks, releasing oil or natural gas
- the foreign policy position that a nations' interests are best served by keeping the affairs of other countries at a distance
- US diplomatic policy adopted by the Truman administration to contain communist power within its existing boundaries
- ongoing process by which various groups attempt to transfer their interests to be the interests of public policymakers
- the number of persons held in jail or prison for every 100,000 persons in a particular population group
- the federal governments use of taxation and spending policies to affect overall business activity
- the use of changes in the amount of money in circulation to alter credit markets, employment, and the rate of inflation
- Loose money: expansionary, supply of credit increases and its cost falls
- Tight money: contractionary, supply of credit falls and its cost increases
- tax rate increases as the taxable amount increases
- are imposed in an attempt to reduce the tax incidence of people with a lower ability to pay
- tax rate progresses from low to high
- tax imposed in such a manner that the tax rate decreases as the amount subject to taxation increases
- referring to the way the rate progresses from high to low
- tend to reduce the tax burden of the people with a higher ability to pay, as they shift the relative burden increasingly to those with a lower ability to pay.
Net Public Debt
- the accumulation of all past federal government deficits
- total amount owed by the federal government to individuals, businesses, and foreigners
- government expenditures that exceed receipts
- a subset of national security policy having to do with the US armed forces
Gross Domestic Product
- the dollar value of all final goods and services produced in a one-year period
- philosophy that sees each nation acting principally in its own interests
- established a system of old-age benefits for workers, benefits for victims of industrial accidents, unemployment insurance, aid for dependent mothers and children, the blind, and the physically handicapped.
- single-payer, national social insurance program
- Medicare covers about half of the health care charges for those enrolled.
- enrollees must then cover their remaining costs either with supplemental insurance, separate insurance, or out-of-pocket.