(LP8) review questions

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created 5 years ago by lfrenner
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1

At the tip of each renal pyramid is a structure know as

-major calyx

-renal column

-renal papilla

-distal conv.tubule

renal papilla

2

Urine flows from the proximal convoluted tubule to this structure in the nephron

-collecting duct

-glomerulus

-afferent arteriole

-nephron loop

-nephron loop

3

which best describes the location of kidneys

-flank area in the peritoneal cavity

-inguinal area outside of the pelvic cavity

-retroperitoneal flank area

-just below the 12th rib in midline

-retroperitoneal flank area

4

Micturition is controlled by

-sympathetic nervous system

-diencephalon

-parasympathetic nervous system

-pons

-parasympathetic nervous system

5

blood leaves the nephron via the

-efferent arteriole

-renal artery

-acuate arteries

-afferent arteriole

-efferent arteriole

6

the renal output is

100 ml/min

10 ml/min

2 ml/min

1.5 ml/min

2 ml/min

7

how much filtrate is produced by the kidneys each day

2 L

50 L

120 L

180 L

180 L

8

Glomerular capillary hydrostatic pressure is normally

10 mm Hg

20 mm Hg

50 mm Hg

60 mm Hg

50 mm Hg

9

Typical net filtration pressure is

10 mm Hg

20 mm Hg

50 mm Hg

60 mm Hg

10 mm Hg

10

An increase in colloid osmotic pressure would have which effect on urine production

it would increase

it would decrease

no effect

it would decrease glomerular capillary hydrostatic pressure

It would decrease

11

During exercise urine production ___ because___

increase, sympathetic effects

decreases, sympathetic effects

increases, parasympathetic effects

decrease, parasympathetic effects

decreases, sympathetic effects

12

Renin is secreted by the juxtaglomerular apparatus when

systemic BP drops below 80 mm Hg

systemic PB increases beyond 100 mm Hg

increase in solute concentration of filtrate

decrease in solute concentration of filtrate

systemic BP drops below 80 mm Hg

13

Macula densa cells secrete ___which promotes ___

norepinepherine,vasconstriction

nitrous oxide, vasoconstriction

nitric oxide, vasodilation

acetylcholine, vasodilation

nitric oxide, vasodilation

14

Which of the following substances is secreted

Glucose

Sodium

Water

Postassium

Potassium

15

Which best describes the action of aldosterone

increases reabsorption of hydrogen ions

increase reabsorption of sodium

decrease reabsorption of potassium

decrease reabsorption of hydrogen ions

increase reabsorption of sodium

16

the ascending limb of nephron loop is

permeable to water but not solute

permeable to water and solute

permeable to solute but not water

impermeable to water and solute

permeable to solute but not water

17

what type of fluid exits the nephron loop

isotonic

hypertonic

hyperosmotic

hypotonic

hypotonic

18

which best describes the action of ADH

Decrease membrane permeability to water in the distal conv. tubule

creates hypotonic solution in distal conv. tubule

increase membrane permeability in the distal conv. tubule

creates isotonic solution in the distal conv. tubule

increase membrane permeability in the distal conv. tubule