american government Flashcards


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1

president

very limited expecially modern aea

can limit

abortion

what happens in seria

commander in cheif

2

congress

17 powers

well developed

3

neccessary and proper cluase for congress

expands powers

4

how many power does predisent have

7

5

how many necessarry and proper clause does president have?

2

6

what was taken away from presiden

the power to nominte buerecrate

7

sird

chief beurecrat

8

congress

controls budget

9

congress needs to be able to

advertise

credit claim

avoid blame

how:

prof. web design

mail registerd votes

10

house

SPEAKERS DESK referal

11

committee to

subcommitter

public debate markupe

12

constituitional duties of president

serve as administrative head of the nation

conven congress

appt. various officials

make treaties

grant pardons

act as commander in chief

veto legislation

line itm veto

13

extra powers of president

indiviual entity

congressional delegations of power

faithful execution clause( laws of nation)

the power to persuade public adn supppport

14

extra constituitonal provisions

executive oders

executive oders

executive agreements

signing statements

15

congresional delegations of power

powers givento the president by congress often in tims of ermgency

16

spoils system

pendelton act

create ment based system for promotion retention difficult to fire /demote

17

judicary was created to

interpret thelaw as passed by congress andsigned by president

18

madison

courts are not powerful as the control neither pure nor the sword

19

madison

simply sit in judgment

20

supreme court lacks

force and will

21

article 3

only creates the supreme court

22

justices are

appointed and wil serve during good behavior

23

lower courts

to be established bycongress judiciary act 1789 1801

24

rights of supreme court

nulify laws, execute orders, burecratic regualtions that deem to be in direct violation of the constitution

25

marbury vs madison

supreme court adn judiciary branch

26

constraints on judiciary review

impeachment

ammendments to the constitution

ban burning of the flag

appointment

no power to initiate policymaking

lack enforcment power

27

importance of 14 amendment

barron vs baltimore

changed the application of bill of rights

28

Members of the U.S. Senate serve ________ terms, while members of the U.S. House of Representatives serve ________ terms.

a. six-year; two-year

29

After each census, congressional seats are assigned based on recent population shifts among the states. What term defines this process

reapportionmen

30

Throughout U.S. history, how many presidents have been tried by the Senate for impeachment?

two: Andrew Johnson and Bill Clinton

31

Which of the following are powers of the Senate but not the House?

the power to approve presidential appointments and treaties

32

Since 1950, the rate of reelection for incumbents in the House has been

astonishingly high, at more than 90 percent

33

How have Americans felt about the performance of Congress in recent years?

They have been very critical

34

Of the important advantages given to officeholders, which one allows them to send mailings at taxpayer expense

. franking privilege

35

In their financial support, PACs consistently show a strong preference for

incumbents.

36

The view that a legislature should resemble the demographic characteristics of the population it represents is known as

descriptive representation

37

The formal legislative process begins when a member of Congress

introduces a bill

38

The text gives the example of a newly proposed bill on "cybersecurity" as one that suddenly made its way on the congressional agenda

as the product of technological change

39

If the Senate and House versions of a bill differ, they are sent to a(n) ________ , where legislators from both chambers develop a compromise version.

conference committee

40

A pocket veto occurs if the

Congress adjourns, and the president lets the bill die by not signing it.

41

Most of the daily work of drafting legislation occurs in the sixteen ________ Senate committees and twenty-one ________ House committees.

standing; standing

42

________ is the process of reviewing the operations of a federal agency to determine whether it is carrying out policies as Congress intended.

Oversight

43

Who is the majority party's leader in the House?

the Speaker of the House

44

Despite the language of the Constitution, the ________ is the real power in the Senate.

majority leader

45

To limit debate rather than letting it go on indefinitely, the Senate uses ________ , which takes sixty senators to invoke.

cloture

46

Which two powerful influences on the legislature push Congress toward majoritarianism?

. parties and the president

47

What is traditionally one of the most important norms of behavior in Congress, one that has become very difficult to achieve in recent years?

b. being willing to compromise

48

During the twentieth century, the public's expectations of what the president can accomplish in office grew enormously. What role does the public now expect of the president that was rarely embarked upon in the past?

chief legislator

49

What "world" is a member of Congress "living" in when he or she returns back to the home district to talk to civic groups, attend church gatherings, business associations, etc.

. the world of constituents

50

when legislators feel obligated to vote on critical issues the way the majority of the people at home feel, even if they personally disagree with this view, they are acting as

delegates

51

In 2011, both parties officially banned

earmarks.

52

When the delegates to the Constitutional Convention created the presidency, which concept or philosophy was reflected in their final structure?

checks and balances

53

A process by which presidents, when selecting district court judges, defer to the senator in whose state the vacancy occurs.

senatory courtesy

54

Spoils system

A system of public employment based on rewarding party loyalists and friends.

55

Pendleton Act?

The Pendleton Act (also known as the Pendleton Civil Service Reform Act of 1883) is a federal law of the United States of America, which stipulates that government jobs are to be awarded on the basis of merit (as opposed to political connections). The law also made it illegal to fire or demote an employee for political reasons.

56

What are the formal requirements for Congressional office?

A person elected to the House of Representatives must be at least 25 years of age, have been a citizen of the United States for seven years and be a resident of the state in which he is running. The formal qualifications for a U.S. Senator require that a candidate be at least 30 years of age, a citizen of the United States for at least nine years and be a resident of the state in which he is running.

57

How many members are there in Congress?

There are 535 members in the United States Congress, 100 senators (two per state) and 435 members of the House of Representatives

58

What are the powers and responsibilities of Congress?

aauthority to make laws.

these include the power to declare war, coin money, raise an army and navy, regulate commerce, establish of immigration and naturalization, and establish the federal courts and their jurisdictions.

59

how does a bill become a law

A BILL, or proposed law, only becomes a law after both the House of Representatives and the Senate have approved it in the same form

60

how does a bill become a law

  1. A bill is drafted by members of Congress, the Executive Branch or an outside group and a Representative introduces it in the House.
  2. The Speaker of the House sends the bill to a committee. If it passes, it goes to Rules Committee, which decides the rules for and timing of debate.
  3. House debates the bill. If a majority votes in favor, it goes to the Senate.
  4. A Senator introduces the bill, which is sent to a committee. If the committee majority votes for the bill, it goes to the whole Senate.
  5. Majority floor leader decides when the whole Senate will consider the bill.
  6. The Bill is debated and potentially amended. If a majority votes in favor, it is returned to the House. If the House rejects any changes, it goes to a conference committee of members from both houses for compromise. Both houses must approve these changes. If approved, the bill goes to the president.
  7. The president may sign (approve) the bill or veto (reject) it. If approved, it becomes law.

61

what options does coongres have if president veotes billq

f the President vetoes the bill, it is returned to the congressional chamber in which it originated; that chamber may attempt to override the president’s veto, though a successful override vote requires the support of two-thirds of those voting. If the vote is successful, the other chamber then decides whether or not to attempt its own override vote; here, as well, a successful override vote requires two-thirds of voting members to agree. Only if both chambers vote to override does the bill becomes law notwithstanding the President’s veto. A successful override of a presidential veto is rare.

62

what is an omnibud bill and how is it used

Omnibus can be translated as providing for many things at the same time, and an omnibusbill is one that usually has a main subject (like a budget) but that concurrently may address many other subjects. For instance a budget bill could amend laws or institute new laws, and even if the primary subject is the budget, it could contain various other features such as “pork” or appropriations for special projects.

used ot cover other elements witin bill