very limited expecially modern aea
what happens in seria
commander in cheif
neccessary and proper cluase for congress
how many power does predisent have
how many necessarry and proper clause does president have?
what was taken away from presiden
the power to nominte buerecrate
congress needs to be able to
prof. web design
mail registerd votes
SPEAKERS DESK referal
public debate markupe
constituitional duties of president
serve as administrative head of the nation
appt. various officials
act as commander in chief
line itm veto
extra powers of president
congressional delegations of power
faithful execution clause( laws of nation)
the power to persuade public adn supppport
extra constituitonal provisions
congresional delegations of power
powers givento the president by congress often in tims of ermgency
create ment based system for promotion retention difficult to fire /demote
judicary was created to
interpret thelaw as passed by congress andsigned by president
courts are not powerful as the control neither pure nor the sword
simply sit in judgment
supreme court lacks
force and will
only creates the supreme court
appointed and wil serve during good behavior
to be established bycongress judiciary act 1789 1801
rights of supreme court
nulify laws, execute orders, burecratic regualtions that deem to be in direct violation of the constitution
marbury vs madison
supreme court adn judiciary branch
constraints on judiciary review
ammendments to the constitution
ban burning of the flag
no power to initiate policymaking
lack enforcment power
importance of 14 amendment
barron vs baltimore
changed the application of bill of rights
Members of the U.S. Senate serve ________ terms, while members of the U.S. House of Representatives serve ________ terms.
a. six-year; two-year
After each census, congressional seats are assigned based on recent population shifts among the states. What term defines this process
Throughout U.S. history, how many presidents have been tried by the Senate for impeachment?
two: Andrew Johnson and Bill Clinton
Which of the following are powers of the Senate but not the House?
the power to approve presidential appointments and treaties
Since 1950, the rate of reelection for incumbents in the House has been
astonishingly high, at more than 90 percent
How have Americans felt about the performance of Congress in recent years?
They have been very critical
Of the important advantages given to officeholders, which one allows them to send mailings at taxpayer expense
. franking privilege
In their financial support, PACs consistently show a strong preference for
The view that a legislature should resemble the demographic characteristics of the population it represents is known as
The formal legislative process begins when a member of Congress
introduces a bill
The text gives the example of a newly proposed bill on "cybersecurity" as one that suddenly made its way on the congressional agenda
as the product of technological change
If the Senate and House versions of a bill differ, they are sent to a(n) ________ , where legislators from both chambers develop a compromise version.
A pocket veto occurs if the
Congress adjourns, and the president lets the bill die by not signing it.
Most of the daily work of drafting legislation occurs in the sixteen ________ Senate committees and twenty-one ________ House committees.
________ is the process of reviewing the operations of a federal agency to determine whether it is carrying out policies as Congress intended.
Who is the majority party's leader in the House?
the Speaker of the House
Despite the language of the Constitution, the ________ is the real power in the Senate.
To limit debate rather than letting it go on indefinitely, the Senate uses ________ , which takes sixty senators to invoke.
Which two powerful influences on the legislature push Congress toward majoritarianism?
. parties and the president
What is traditionally one of the most important norms of behavior in Congress, one that has become very difficult to achieve in recent years?
b. being willing to compromise
During the twentieth century, the public's expectations of what the president can accomplish in office grew enormously. What role does the public now expect of the president that was rarely embarked upon in the past?
What "world" is a member of Congress "living" in when he or she returns back to the home district to talk to civic groups, attend church gatherings, business associations, etc.
. the world of constituents
when legislators feel obligated to vote on critical issues the way the majority of the people at home feel, even if they personally disagree with this view, they are acting as
In 2011, both parties officially banned
When the delegates to the Constitutional Convention created the presidency, which concept or philosophy was reflected in their final structure?
checks and balances
A process by which presidents, when selecting district court judges, defer to the senator in whose state the vacancy occurs.
A system of public employment based on rewarding party loyalists and friends.
The Pendleton Act (also known as the Pendleton Civil Service Reform Act of 1883) is a federal law of the United States of America, which stipulates that government jobs are to be awarded on the basis of merit (as opposed to political connections). The law also made it illegal to fire or demote an employee for political reasons.
What are the formal requirements for Congressional office?
A person elected to the House of Representatives must be at least 25 years of age, have been a citizen of the United States for seven years and be a resident of the state in which he is running. The formal qualifications for a U.S. Senator require that a candidate be at least 30 years of age, a citizen of the United States for at least nine years and be a resident of the state in which he is running.
How many members are there in Congress?
There are 535 members in the United States Congress, 100 senators (two per state) and 435 members of the House of Representatives
What are the powers and responsibilities of Congress?
aauthority to make laws.
these include the power to declare war, coin money, raise an army and navy, regulate commerce, establish of immigration and naturalization, and establish the federal courts and their jurisdictions.
how does a bill become a law
A BILL, or proposed law, only becomes a law after both the House of Representatives and the Senate have approved it in the same form
how does a bill become a law
- A bill is drafted by members of Congress, the Executive Branch or an outside group and a Representative introduces it in the House.
- The Speaker of the House sends the bill to a committee. If it passes, it goes to Rules Committee, which decides the rules for and timing of debate.
- House debates the bill. If a majority votes in favor, it goes to the Senate.
- A Senator introduces the bill, which is sent to a committee. If the committee majority votes for the bill, it goes to the whole Senate.
- Majority floor leader decides when the whole Senate will consider the bill.
- The Bill is debated and potentially amended. If a majority votes in favor, it is returned to the House. If the House rejects any changes, it goes to a conference committee of members from both houses for compromise. Both houses must approve these changes. If approved, the bill goes to the president.
- The president may sign (approve) the bill or veto (reject) it. If approved, it becomes law.
what options does coongres have if president veotes billq
f the President vetoes the bill, it is returned to the congressional chamber in which it originated; that chamber may attempt to override the president’s veto, though a successful override vote requires the support of two-thirds of those voting. If the vote is successful, the other chamber then decides whether or not to attempt its own override vote; here, as well, a successful override vote requires two-thirds of voting members to agree. Only if both chambers vote to override does the bill becomes law notwithstanding the President’s veto. A successful override of a presidential veto is rare.
what is an omnibud bill and how is it used
Omnibus can be translated as providing for many things at the same time, and an omnibusbill is one that usually has a main subject (like a budget) but that concurrently may address many other subjects. For instance a budget bill could amend laws or institute new laws, and even if the primary subject is the budget, it could contain various other features such as “pork” or appropriations for special projects.
used ot cover other elements witin bill