Chapter 2 Unit test

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1

Why is population study important?

1) More people are alive today
2) Population has increased at faster rate
3) Population growth is concentrated in less developed countries

2

What are the four most populated clusters (in order)?

1. East Asia (China)
2. South Asia (India)
3. Europe
4. Southeast Asia

3

Where do people not live?

Dry, wet, cold, and high lands

4

What are the three types of population density? Describe what they are.

1) Arithmetic: people to land
2) Physiological: people to arable land (farmland)
3) Agricultural: farmers to arable land

5

What are crude birth rate, crude death rate, and natural increase rate?

Crude Birth Rate (CBR): # of births in a year for every 1,000 people.
Crude Death Rate (CDR): # of deaths in a year for every 1,000 people.
Natural Increase Rate (NIR): % of growth of a population in a year

6

What are doubling time, total fertility rate, and infant mortality rate?

Doubling Time: time it takes to double a population.
Total Fertility Rate (TFR): average # of kids a women will have during her childbearing years.
Infant Mortality Rate (IMR): # of infant deaths in a year for every 1,000 births.

7

What are the agricultural, industrial, and medical revolutions?

Agricultural: humans domesticated plants and animals.
Industrial: improvements in industrial technology (changed manufacturing goods).
Medical: medical technology diffused to poorer countries.

8

What are the dependency ratio, sex ratio, and population pyramid?

Dependency ratio: # of people under age 15 and over age 64.
Sex ratio: distribution of males and females.
Population pyramid: bar graph representing distribution of population by age and gender.