Chapter 4 Forming a Government

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1

Magna Carta

A document that stated that the King had to obey the laws

2

Three Main Problems with the Articles of Confederation

1. No Money

2. No President

3. No Court System

3

Suffrage

The right to vote

4

John Locke

social contract, government is a contract between the people and their government

5

Federalists

supported the constitution

6

Antifederalists

against the constitution

7

bicameral

two houses

8

First United States government

Articles of Confederation

9

Land Ordinance of 1785

townships of 36 square miles

1 for schools

4 for veterans

the rest for sale

10

What state opposed the Articles of Confederation at first because of land claims?

Maryland

11

3/5ths Compromise dealt with what issue?

Slavery

12

The Constitution Convention began in what month and year and ended when?

May 1787-September 1787

13

popular sovereignty

the idea that people rule and can make the laws to govern themselves

14

How many states needed to ratify the Constitution for it to go into effect? How many did they want?

9, 13

15

What rebellion showed the weakness of the Articles of Confederation?

Shay's

16

What was the initial goal of the Constitutional Convention?

To revise the Articles of Confederation

17

Who was the president of the Constitutional Convention?

George Washington

18

Who proposed the Virginia Plan?

Edmund Randolph

19

Who proposed the New Jersey Plan?

William Patterson

20

Who proposed the Great Compromise?

Roger Sherman

21

What states favored the New Jersey Plan?

Small states

22

Congress is made of what two houses?

Senate and the House of Representatives

23

What was a series of articles written in support of the Constitution?

Federalist Papers

24

How is representation determined in the Senate?

Equal representation; two per state

25

How is representation determined in the House of Representatives?

Determined by the population of the state

26

Why did Antifederalists oppose the constitution?

They worried it didn't protect individual rights and gave too much power to the government.

27

What were the two reasons why they added a Bill of Rights to the Constitution?

To please the Antifederalists and protect individual rights

28

The first ten amendments to the Constitution are known as?

The Bill of Rights

29

Amendment

a change to the Constitution

30

ratification

to approve

31

Checks and balances

prevents any one branch of government from gaining too much power

32

What state did not not send a delegate to the Constitutional Convention?

Rhode Island