The American Pageant: American History II Chapter 30 Flashcards


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Chapter 30 East Mississippi Community College 5 exam q's
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1

A major innovation of the American armed forces during World War I was
Answer

the absence of a draft.

the use of black soldiers in combat.

the formation of the Marine Corps.

the formation of a separate air force.

the entry of women into the military for the first time.

the entry of women into the military for the first time. (Exam)

2

All of the following contributed to the German defeat in World War I except
Answer

the seductive Wilsonian propaganda promises.

the prospect of endless American troop reserves.

the Americans' military victories on the battlefield.

the hammering blows of the Allied armies.

critical food shortages caused by the British blockade.

Battle field victories

3

All of the following countries were represented at the Paris Peace Conference except
Answer

the United States.

Germany.

Italy.

France.

Britain.

Germany

4

As a condition of ending World War I, Woodrow Wilson demanded that
Answer

Germany remove all its armies from France and Italy.

the Germans establish a democratic government.

the German government pay for war damages.

the German Kaiser be forced from power.

Germany accept guilt for the war.

the German Kaiser be forced from power.

5

As a result of their work supporting the war effort, women
Answer

in large numbers secured a foothold in the work force.

finally received the right to vote.

were allowed to join the air force.

organized the National Women's Party.

obtained some federally supported child care centers.

finally received the right to vote.

6

In an effort to make economic mobilization more efficient during World War I, the federal government took over and operated
Answer

the railroads.

the merchant marine.

the airlines.

the food processing industry.

the steel mills.

the railroads

7

In the United States, the most controversial aspect of the Treaty of Versailles was
Answer

the handing over of Shandong province to the Japanese.

open diplomacy.

the permanent U.S. alliance with France.

self-determination.

the League of Nations.

the League of Nations. (Exam)

8

Russia's withdrawal from World War I in 1918 resulted in
Answer

a communist takeover of that country.

the United States' entry into the war.

the release of hundreds of thousands of German troops for deployment on the western front in France.

Germany's surrender to the Allies.

a setback for the idea of a "war for democracy."

the release of hundreds of thousands of German troops for deployment on the western front in France.

9

The Germans believed that American troops would not be an important factor in World War I because
Answer

they would be able to conquer France before many Americans arrived.

American troops were untrained and inexperienced in trench warfare.

most American troops would be deployed on the Italian and Russian fronts.

the Americans refused to place themselves under a joint Allied command.

Americans would be too preoccupied by the pleasures of Paris.

they would be able to conquer France before many Americans arrived.

10

The Second Battle of the Marne was significant because it
Answer

was the first time American troops saw action in France.

forced the Kaiser to abdicate.

demonstrated that American troops could withstand poison gas.

saw the first use of combat aircraft.

marked the beginning of a German withdrawal that was never reversed.

marked the beginning of a German withdrawal that was never reversed.

11

The United States declared war on Germany
Answer

in response to demands by American munitions makers.

when the German army threatened to take Paris.

because Wall Street bankers demanded it.

after Mexico signed an alliance with Germany.

after German U-boats sank four unarmed American merchant vessels.

after German U-boats sank four unarmed American merchant vessels. (Exam)

12

The United States' main contributions to the Allied victory in World War I included all of the following except
Answer

battlefield victories.

foodstuffs.

oil.

munitions.

financial credit.

battlefield victories.

13

The Zimmermann note involved a proposed secret agreement between
Answer

Britain and France.

Russia and Germany.

Germany and Mexico.

Mexico and France.

Germany and Canada.

Germany and Mexico.

14

The first significant engagement of American troops in a European battle in American history came in the spring of 1918 at
Answer

Meuse-Argonne.

Château-Thierry.

St. Mihiel.

the Second Battle of the Marne.

D-Day.

Château-Thierry. (Exam)

15

The great 1919 steel strike resulted in
Answer

the eight-hour workday.

the right to bargain collectively.

modestly higher wages.

violent confrontations and the use of African American strikebreakers.

a "general strike" in Seattle and Pittsburgh.

violent confrontations and the use of African American strikebreakers.

16

When the United States entered the war in 1917, most Americans did not believe that
Answer

the navy was obligated to defend freedom of the seas.

it would be necessary to continue making loans to the Allies.

the United States would have to ship war materials to the Allies.

mobilization for war should be largely voluntary.

it would be necessary to send a large American army to Europe.

it would be necessary to send a large American army to Europe.

17

Who was most responsible for the Senate defeat of the Treaty of Versailles?
Answer

Henry Cabot Lodge

Woodrow Wilson

isolationists

liberal intellectuals

American ethnic groups

Woodrow Wilson

18

Two constitutional amendments adopted in part because of wartime influences were the Eighteenth, which dealt with ____, and the Nineteenth, whose subject was ____.
Answer

prohibition; an income tax

direct election of senators; woman suffrage

prohibition; woman suffrage

an income tax; direct election of senators

women suffrage; prohibition

prohibition; woman suffrage

19

The major weakness of the new League of Nations was that it
Answer

had no military power.

did not include the Soviet Union.

was used as a whipping boy by Adolf Hitler to gain power.

did not include the United States.

permitted a veto by the great powers.

did not include the United States (exam?)

20

President Woodrow Wilson persuaded the American people to enter World War I by
Answer

declaring that it was necessary to prevent the spread of Soviet communism in Europe.

convincing the public of the need to make the world safe from the German submarine.

pledging to make the war "a war to end all wars" and to make the world safe for democracy.

promising that no United States troops would be under Allied command.

declaring that only the navy would be involved in combat.

pledging to make the war "a war to end all wars" and to make the world safe for democracy.