Key Terms- Chapter 37

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1

anus

opening at the end of anal canal

2

bowel incontinence

the inability of the anal sphincter to control the discharge of fecal and gaseous material

3

bowel training program

program that manipulates factors within a persons control to produce a regular pattern of comfortable defecation without medication or enemas

4

cathartic

medication that strongly increases gastrointestinal motility and promotes defecation

5

colostomy

an opening into the colon that permits feces to exit through the stoma

6

constipation

passage of dry, hard fecal material

7

defecation

emptying of the intestinal tract

bowel movement

8

diarrhea

passage of liquid and unformed stools

9

edoscopy

direct visualization of hollow organs of the body using an endoscope

10

enema

introduction of solution into the lower bowel

11

fecal incontinence

involuntary or inappropriate passing of stool or flatus

12

feces

intestinal waste products

13

fissure

a linear break on the margin of the anus

14

flatulence

excessive formation of gasses in the gastrointestinal tract

15

flatus

intestinal gas

16

hemorrhoids

abnormally distended rectal veins

17

ileostomy

opening into the small intestine allows fecal content from the ileum to be eliminated through the stoma

18

laxative

drug used to induce emptying of the intestinal tract

19

occult blood

blood present in such minute quantities that it cannot be detected with the unassisted eye

20

ostomy

general term referring to an artificial opening, usually used to refer to an opening created for the excretion of body wastes

21

paralytic ileus

paralysis of intestinal peristalsis

22

peristalsis

involuntary, progressive, wave-like movement of the musculature of the gastrointestinal tract

23

stoma

artificial opening for waste excretion located on the body surface

24

stool

excreted feces

25

suppository

oval or cone shaped substance that is inserted into a body cavity and that melts at body temperature

26

valsalva maneuver

forcible exhalation against a closed glottis, resulting in increased intrathoracic pressure