Anomalies of the GI Tract

Helpfulness: 0
Set Details Share
created 4 years ago by kamne
9 views
Subjects:
pediatrics
show moreless
Page to share:
Embed this setcancel
COPY
code changes based on your size selection
Size:
X
Show:
1

Cleft Lip/Palate

Diagnostic Evaluation: Prenatal ultrasound

2

Pyloric Stenosis

The circumferential muscle of the pyloric sphincter becomes thickened, resulting in elongation and narrowing of the pyloric canal. Clinical Manifestation: projectile vomiting

3

Esophageal Atresia with Tracheoesophageal Fistula

A failure of the esophagus to develop as a continuous passage and a failure of the trachea and esophagus to separate into distinct structures. Clinical Manifestation: excessive oral and pharyngeal mucous

4

Malrotation and Volvulus

Abnormal rotation of the intestine around the superior mesenteric artery during embryologic development. Clinical Manifestation: s&sx of bowel obstruction

5

Intussuception

A proximal segment of the bowel telescopes into a more distal segment, pulling the mesentery with it. Clinical Manifestations: severe paroxysmal abd pain & currant jelly stools

6

Omphalocele

Bowel exposed outside of abdominal yet still covered by a membrane.

7

Gastrochisis

Bowel herniate through a defect in the abdominal wall and doesn't have a membrane covering the bowel

8

Hirschsprung's Disease

Mechanical obstruction from inadequate motility of part of the intestine thanks to the absence of enteric ganglion cells

9

Imperforate Anus

No anus. Clinical Manifestations: anal stenosis (anus too small), anal membrane, anal agenesis (not a true anus), or rectal atresia.

10

Appendicitis

Inflammation of the vermiform appendix. Clinical Manifestations: colicky peri-umbilical pain at 1st then shifts to RLQ (McBurney's point) & rebound tenderness