Research Methods Chapter 4

Helpfulness: 0
Set Details Share
created 4 years ago by Michelle_Perez
84 views
updated 4 years ago by Michelle_Perez
show moreless
Page to share:
Embed this setcancel
COPY
code changes based on your size selection
Size:
X
Show:
1

Research ethics

concerns the responsibilities of researchers to be honest and respectful to all individuals who are affected by their research studies or their reports of the studies' results.

2

Nuremberg Code

a set of 10 guidelines for the ethical treatment of human participants in research. developed from the Nuremberg trials in 1947

3

National Research Act

A set of regulations for the protection of human participants in research, mandated by congress in 1974

4

Belmont Report

a summary of the basic ethical principles for protecting humans in research published in 1979

5

APA Ethics Code

a common set of principles and standards on which psychologists build their professional and scientific work

6

Clinical Equipoise

the ethical issue requiring clinicians to provide the best possible treatment for their patients, thus limiting research to studies that compare equally preferred treatments

7

Informed Consent

requires the investigator to provide all available information about a study so that an individual can make a rational, decision to participate in the study

8

Deception

occurs when a researcher purposefully withholds information or misleads participants with regard to information about a study.

9

Passive Deception

withholding or omitting of information; the researcher intentionally does not tell participants some informatino about the study

10

active deception

is the presenting of misinformation about the study to participants. most common form of active deception misleading participants about the specific purpose of the study

11

Debriefing

is a post-experimental explanation of the purpose of a study that is given to a participant, especially if deception was used

12

placebo

an ineffective, inert substitute

13

Confidentiality

the practice of keeping strictly secret and private information or measurements obtained from an individual during a research study

14

anonymity

the practice of ensuring that an individual's name is not directly associated with the information or measurements obtained from that individual

15

Institutional Review Board

is a committee that examines all proposed research with respect to its treatment of human participants. Approval must be obtained first.

16

Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee (IACUC)

is a committee that examines all proposed research with respect to its treatment of nonhuman subjects

17

Fraud

the explicit effort of a researcher to falsify or misrepresent data

18

Replication

repetition of a research study using the same basic procedures used in the original.

19

Plagiarism

the unethical representation of someone else's ideas or words as one's own