Nutritional Problems in Children

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created 4 years ago by kamne
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pediatrics
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1

Celiac Disease

Malabsorption secondary to gluten intolerance. Autoimmune condition that causes chronic inflammation leading to destruction of the villi

2

Lactose Intolerance

Body's inability to breakdown lactose due to a limited or no supply of the enzyme lactase

3

Crohn's disease

Immune-mediated chronic inflammation of the bowels (especially the ileum); can effect any part of GI tract. Pattern of progression: "skip" lesions

4

Ulcerative colitis

A chronic, inflammatory bowel disease that causes inflammation in the digestive tract. Pattern of progression: one continuous lesion

5

Enterobiasis (Pinworms)

Common in children and is transmitted through infected humans, contaminated hands, food, and air. Clinical manifestations: intense itching esp. at night

6

Gastroenteritis (GI bug)

Inflammation of the stomach and intestines characterized by varying degrees of diarrhea, vomiting, and cramping. This can be can be viral, bacterial, parasitic, or caused by medical interventions (post-op or chemo)

7

Gasotro-intestinal ramifications of CF

Meconium ileus, rectal prolapse, and blocked pancreatic ducts

8

Colic

Paroxysmal abdominal cramping, usually begins 1st 3 weeks of life and usually resolves by 3 months

9

Phenylketonuria (PKU)

Inherited error in metabolism of protein

10

Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD)

Relaxation & incompetence of the LES allowing stomach contents to reflux into esophagus

11

Failure to Thrive (FTT)

Lack of growth and development