Quiz 1

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created 5 years ago by NalaS
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1

3 Types of Speeches

  • Personal
  • Professional
  • Public
2

Personal Speaking

Speaking at a personal event i.e. toast at a wedding, introducing a guest speaker

3

Professional Speaking

Speaking at a job that requires this skill. About 70% of jobs require public speaking. i.e. teacher, lawyer, TV/News presenter.

4

Public Speaking

Participate in democracy (candidates speeches) via active listening. Causes such as women's rights, segregation came about because of public speeches.

5

Circular/Transactional Communication

  • Encoding - taking an idea and associating it with words, in order to convey a message.
  • Decoding - reverse of encoding, turning words into imagery in order to understand the message.
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Communicator

People in the interaction or speech setting - sending/receiving messages.

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Messages

Include nonverbal/verbal behaviors enacted by communication that are interpreted by others.

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Channel

The means through which the message travels.

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Noise

Anything that interferes w/message transmission and reception.

3 types :

  • Physiological
  • Psychological
  • Physical
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Physiological Noise

Bodily process that interferes w/transmission or reception i.e. hunger, temperature, sickness

11

Psychological Noise

Mental or emotional states that interferes w/transmission or reception i.e. heartbreak, parent died

12

Physical Noise

Actual Noise that interferes w/transmission or reception i.e. chattering, lawn mower outside

13

Context

The setting in which the speech or interactions take place.

14

3 Purposes for Speaking in Public

1. Inform your audience

2. Persuade - reinforce or chance audience's beliefs, attitudes or values

3. Commemorate/Entertain

15

11 Speaking Competencies

1. Useful topic - that is beneficial to audience

2. Engaging Intro - Attention getter/Preview

3. Clear organization

4. Well supported ideas - compelling material

5. Closure in conclusion

6. Clear vivid language

7. Suitable vocal expression

8. Corresponding nonverbals

9. Adaptation to Audience

10. Convincing persuasion

11. Adept use of visual aids

16

Parts of a Speech Introduction - 2

1. Attention Getter - means of captivating the audience's attention. - 2 sentences or more.

2. Preview - share the purpose and main points of your speech

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Phrases or words on note cards should be in ......

Topic Form

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When do audience members begin to evaluate speakers?

Immediately

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Types of Attention Getters

  • Stories
  • Quotations
  • Jokes
  • Facts
  • Questions
  • Gimmicks
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From whom should use quotations from?

From experts

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Towards the end of the speech how do you let the audience know you are almost done?

Slow down the rate of the speech

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3 examples of speaking or presenting from book

  • Presentation in a history class
  • Answering questions infront of an interview panel
  • Dinner w/ in-laws - father is a marine
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What is a common fear in society?

Fear of public speaking - about 20% of the population is affected by this

24

What does CA stand for?

Communication Apprehension - or fear of public speaking

25

3 types of CA

1. Trait-Anxiety - related to a person's personality i.e. shy or introverts

2. State-Anxiety - Anxiety related to external stressor or negative experience - fear of public embarassment "You don't want to be evaluated"

3. Scrutiny/Fear - fear of being watched or observed.

26

Constructive Tension

Turning nervousness into something positive - motivation

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What are ways to reduce nervousness?

  1. Prepare Well
  2. Visualize success
  3. Breathe and release
  4. Avoid using gimmicks
  5. Minimize what your memorize
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Prepare well

prepare, prepare, prepare - i.e. Michael Jordan: practices with sprints to simulate the environment of the real game.

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Visualize Success

Imagine yourself doing well in a speech

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Avoid Using Gimmicks

  • Don't imagine audience naked or in bunny ears
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Breathe and Release

Part of systematic desensitization:

  • Imagine nervousness in a bubble
  • Draw energy to high point
  • Release energy deliberately
32

Minimize Memorization

Become conversant - be ready to discuss your topic

Don't memorize your entire speech.

Practice out loud.