Medicine and Law

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1

abandonment

withdrawing support or help despite allegiance or responsibility

2

act

a formal action of a legislative body; a desicion or determination of a sovereing state, a legislative council, or a court of justice

3

allegation

a statement by a party to a legal action of what the party undertakers to prove; an assertion made without proof

4

appeal

a legal procceding by which a case is brought before a higher court for review of the decision of a lower court

5

appellate

having the power to review the judgment of another tribunal or body of jurisdiction, such as an appellate court

6

arbitration

the hearing and determination of a cause in controversy by a person or persons either chosen by the parties involved or appointed under statutory authority

7

arbitrator

a neutral person chosen to settle differences between tow parties in a controversy

8

assault

an intentional, unlawful attempt of bodily injury to another by force

9

assent

to agree to something, especially after thoughtful consideration

10

bailiff

an officer of some U.S. courts who usually serves as a messenger or usher, who keeps order at the request of the judge

11

battery

a willful and unlawful use of force or viiolence on the person of another

12

code of federal regulations (CFR)

a coded delineation of the rules and regulations published in the federal register by the various departments and agencies of the federal goverment the CRF is divided into 50 titles

13

concurrently

occurring at the same time

14

contributory negligence

statutes in some states that may prevent a party from recovering some damages if he or she contributed in any way to the injury or condition

15

damages

loss or harm resulting from injury to prson, propeerty,or reputation; compensation in money imposed by law for losses or injuries

16

decedent

a legal term for a deceased person

17

defendant

a person required to answer in a legal action or suit; in criminal cases, the person accused of a crime

18

docket

a formal record of judicial proceedings; a list of legal cases to be tried

19

due process

a fundamental constitutional guaratee that all legal proceedings will be fair; that one will be given notice of the proceedings and give an apportunity to be heard before the goverment acts to take away life, liberty, or property; a constitutional guarantee that a law will not be unreasonable or arbitraty

20

emancipated minor

a person under legal age who is self-supporting and living apart from parents or a guardian; a mature minor considered by the courts to possess a sufficient understanding od self-care and responsibility

21

expert witnesses

people who provide testimony to a court as experts in certain fields or subjects to verify facts presented by one or both sides in a lawsuit, often compensated and used to refute or disprove the claims of one party

22

felony

a major crime, such as murder, rape, or burglary; punishable by a more stringent sentence than that given for a misdemeanor

23

fine

a sum imposed as punishment for an offense; a forfeiture or penalty paid to an injured party or the gorvenment in a civil or criminal action

24

guardian ad litem

legal representative for a minor

25

implied consent

presumed consent, such as when a patient ofers an arm for a phlebotomy procedure

26

informed consent

a consent, usually written, which states understanding of what treatment is to be undertaken and of the risk involved, why it should be done, and alteernative methods of treatment available (including no treatment) and their attendant risks

27

infractions

breaking the law; minor offenses against the rules, usually punishable by fines

28

judicial

of or relating to a judgment, the function of jufging, the administration of judtice, or the judiciary

29

jurisdiction

a power constitutionally conferred on a judge

30

jurisprudence

the science or philodophyof law

31

law

a binding custom or practice of a community; a rule of conduct or action prescribed or formally recognized as binding or enforceable by a controlling authority

32

liable

obligated according to law or equity; responsible for an act or circumstance

33

lible

a written defamatory statement or representation that conveys an unjustly unfavorable impression

34

litigious

prone to engage in lawsuits

35

manifestation

something that is easily understood or reconognized by the mind

36

misdemeanor

a minor crime, as opposed toa felony, punishable by fine or imprisonment in a city or county jail rather than in a penitentiary

37

municipal

courts that sit in some cities and lager towns and that usually have civil and criminal juridiction over cases arising within the municipality

38

negligence

failure to exercise the care a prudent person usually exercises; implies inattention to one's duty or business; implies want of due or necessary diligence or care

39

ordinance

authoritative decree or direction

40

OPIM

substance or materials other than blood that have the potential to carry infectious pathogens

41

perjured testimony

the voluntary violation of an oath or vow either by swearing to what is untrue or by omission to do what has been promised under oath; false testimony

42

POLs

laboratories owned by a private physician or corporation, such as the laboratory inside a physician's office or a freestanding laboratory

43

plaintiff

the person or group bringing a case or legal action to court

44

precedence

to surpass in rank, dignity, or importance; to be, go , or come aheador in front of

45

precedents

a person or thing that serves as a model

46

preponderance of the evidence

evidence of greater weight or more convincing than the evidence offered in opposition to it

47

prudent

marked by wisdom or judiciousness; shrewd in the management of practical affairs

48

quackery

the pretense of curing disease

49

reasonable doubt

doubt based on reason and arising from evidende or lack of evidence

50

reciprocity

the mutual exchange of privileges

51

recouse

a turning to something or someone for help or protection

52

relevant

having significant and demonstrable bearing on the matter at hand

53

respondent

the person required to make answer in a civil legal action or suit

54

slander

oral defamation; a harmful, false statement madde about another person

55

statutes

laws enacted by the legislative branch of a goverment

56

stipulate

to specify as a condition or requirement of an agreement or offer

57

subpoena

a writ or document commanding a person to appear in court under a penalty for failure to appear

58

subpoena duces tecum

a legally binding request to appear in court

59

testimony

a solemn declaration usually made orally by a witness under oath in response to interrogation by a lawyer or authorized public official

60

UCC

a unified set of rules covering many business transactions

61

veredict

the finding or decision of a jury on a matter submitted to it in trial