Workbook for Textbook of Diagnostic Sonography: Ch 24 Workbook Exercise 4 &6 Flashcards
Skeletal muscle contains long organized units called muscle ______.
The characteristic long fibers are under voluntary control, allowing us to contract a(n) ______ and move a joint.
A(n) _____ muscle has a division of several feather-like sections in one muscle, and the ____ is the convergence of fibers to a central tendon.
The attachment of the muscle that occurs at the proximal and distal portion of the bundle is called a(n)______.
Tendons occur with or without a(n) _____ sheath.
Shoulder, hand, wrist, ankle
The sheath surrounding a tendon has two layers. The fluid separates the layers in this part of the body: _____, ______, _____, and ______.
Short bands of tough fibers that connect bones to other bones are _____.
The saclike structure surrounding joints and tendons that contains a viscous fluid is the _____.
The knee joint has _____ bursa.
A loose areolar connective tissue that fills the facial compartment of the tendon lacking a synovial sheath is a(n) _____.
The dense ______ is another layer of connective tissue that closely adjoins the tendon.
Interwoven an interconnected collagen fibers found in the tendon run in a(n) ______ path.
The proximal portion of the muscle is considered the ______, whereas the ______ is the distal end.
The normal nerve has a(n) ______ appearance when compared with muscle, but it is _____ to tendons.
The minute amount of viscous fluid contained within the bursa helps reduce _____ between the moving parts of the joint.
A Baker's cyst is an example of a(n) ______ bursa in the medial popliteal fossa.
To begin the examination of the biceps, place the patient with a slight _____ rotation of the shoulder.
When facing the patient and imaging the right shoulder, the lateral anatomy displays on the _____ side of the image and the medial anatomy on the ____ side of the screen.
The groove located between the greater and lesser tuberosities, coupled with the overlying transverse ligament, maintains the _____ tendon location.
Using the biceps tendon as a landmark, angle the transducer ______ to locate the subcapsularis tendon.
The bandlike tendon that has a medium level echotexture is the ______ tendon and originates from the greater tuberosity of the humerus.
A good landmark to help find the anteriorly located infraspinatus tendon is the posterior ______.
Fluid imaged _____ to the infraspinatus tendon indicates bursal fluid, whereas _____ fluid indicates joint effusion.
The carpal tunnel is located between the ____ bones and the ____ retinaculum on the palmar side of the wrist.
The ulnar artery and vein indicate the medial border of the carpal tunnel, where as the most lateral structure is the ____ artery and veins.
The tendon that connects the gastrocnemius and soleus muscle to the calcaneus is the _____ tendon.
Transverse humeral ligament, abnormal development of bicipital groove, supraspinatus and/or subcapsularis tears
The dislocation of the biceps tendon from the bicipital groove maybe due to a problem with:
The _____ thickness tear involves either the bursal or articular cuff surface on the intrasubstance material.
The presence of large amounts of fluid in the subacromial-subdeltoid bursa raises the chance of a non-visualized _____ tear.
The normal tendon cannot be compressed; however, the injured tendon ____ as the torn edges move apart.
Joint effusion around the biceps tendon combined with subacromial-subdeltoid bursitis results in the _____ sign.
Acute tendinitis involves not only the tendon but the surrounding ____ sheath.
The normal synovial sheath appears as a hypoechoic _____ around the tendon.
The abrupt stretching of the muscle beyond the maximum length results in a(n) _____ tear.
External force resulting in a crush injury is considered a(n) ______ tear.