Key Concepts- Chapter 32

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1

the framework of bones, joints, and cartilage that protect our organs and allows us to move

skeletal system

2

5 functions of the skeletal system

support
protection
attachment
storage
hematopoiesis

3

all movements that change the positions of the bony parts of the body occur at

joints

4

3 types of muscles

skeletal, cardiac, smooth

5

how do muscle tissues produce movement

contracting its cells

6

what do skeletal muscles work with to move the body

tendons and bones

7

4 functions of the muscular system

motion, posture, support, heat production

8

what makes a body balanced

correct alignment

9

the ability of muscles to work together for purposeful movement

coordinated body movement

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are the group of reflexes (automatic movements) that maintain body position and equilibrium, whether at rest or during movement.

postural reflexes

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the use of proper body positions to provide protection from the stress of movement and activity

body mechanics

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the practice of designing equipment and work tasks to conform to the capability of the worker in relation to patient care

patient care ergonomics

13

can influence posture, movement, and daily activity levels

development, health, lifestyle, attitude, fatigue, stress, or weather

14

necessary for healthy functioning of the body and impacts every major body system

exercise

15

nursing assessment related to activity includes asking the patient about

daily activity level, endurance, exercise, mobility problems, external factors affecting mobility.

16

physical assessment of mobility status includes an assessment of

ease or movement and gait, alignment, joint structure, and function, muscle mass, tone and strength, endurance. ability to stand, walk, sit up, and grasp

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why is it important to assess a patients ability to stand, walk, sit up, and grasp

they enable patients to wash, dress, and feed themselves

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body mechanics include

proper body movement, prevention and correction of posture, enhancement of coordination and endurance

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should be incorporated into nursing practice and patient care

ergonomics and safe patient handling