Medical Law & Ethics

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created 9 years ago by thebomb
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1

Ethics

Wrong and right conduct

2

Negligence

Most common type of medical tort liability

3

Defendant

The person being sued

4

Abandonment

When a doctor stops the care of a patient without reasonable notice of discharge from the case.

5

Assault

An attack or threat to do bodily injury to another

6

Reasonable care

The health worker is protected by law if it can be determined that he or she acted reasonable as compared with fellow workers.

7

Malpractice

Negligence by a professional person

8

Crime

Act that violates criminal law.

9

Breach

Breaking of the law, promise, or duty

10

Empathy

The ability to see things from another persons point of view.

11

Statute of Limitations

Time established for filing law suits

12

Subpoena

A writ that commands a witness to appear at a trial or other proceedings and to give testimony.

13

Tort

A wrong committed against another or the persons property.

14

False Imprisonment

Holding or detaining a person against his will.

15

Invasion of Privacy

A violation of a persons right not to have his name, photo, or private affairs exposed of and made public with out giving consent.

16

Felony

A major crime for which greater punishment is imposed.

17

Plaintiff

One who institutes a lawsuit.

18

Will

A legal statement of how an individual's property is to be distributed after death.

19

Privileged Communication

Information given by a patient to medical personnel which cannot be disclosed without consent of the person who gave it.

20

Law

A rule made by a government body.

21

Consent

Permission

22

Defamation

Injuring the name and reputation of another person by making false statements to a third person.

23

Contract

An agreement between two or more parties of the doing or not doing something.

24

Incompetent

Lack of physical or mental wellness.

25

Judgment

The final decision of a court.

26

Respondent Superior

Responsibility of an employer for the acts of an employee

27

Non Compos Mentis

latin for Not of sound mind

28

Emancipation

The act of releasing or freeing; when used in reference to a minor, it means that a child is no longer under parental control

29

Medical Grievance Committee

An impartial panel established to listen to and investigate patients complaints about medical care or excessive fees.

30

Res Gestae

latin for Things done; deeds

31

Deposition

Testimony of a witness under oath and written down before trial for possible use when the case comes to trial.

32

Civil Law

A statute that enforces private right and liabilities, as differentiated from criminal law.

33

Breach of Duty

Violation or omission of a legal or moral duty.

34

Battery

A deliberate physical attack upon a person.

35

Qui facit per alium facit per se

latin for He who acts through another acts for himself.

36

Bioethics

The study of moral issues, questions, and problems arising in the practice of medicine and in biomedical research.

37

Expert Testimony

A statement given by an expert in the matter at hand.

38

Contributory Negligence

A patients failure to act prudently and reasonably.

39

Assumption of Risk

Consent to treatment based of full understanding of all possible risks of unpreventable results of that treatment.

40

Medical Etiquette

Conduct, courtesy, and manners customary in the medical profession.

41

Suspend

To interrupt or discontinue a suit temporarily with intention for resumption at a later date.

42

Res Judicata

latin for Things decided

43

Proximate Cause

That which in natural and continuous sequence, unbroken by any new independent cause, produce an event, and without which the injury would not have occurred.

44

Res Ipsa Loquitur

latin for The thing speaks for itself

45

Breach of Contract

Failure to achieve an agreed upon result, even when the highest degree of skill has been used.

46

libel

Defamation through written statements is

47

litigation

a lawsuit is

48

proximate cause

an intenational preversion of truth for the purpose of inducing another in reliance upon it to part with some valuable thing belonging to him or to surrender a legal right is called

49

slander

defamation through spoken statements is

50

contributory negligence

failure to act prudently and reasonable, or doing that which a reasonable person would not do under the same or similar circumstances is called