Anatomy Phisiology Chapter 1-5

Helpfulness: +1
Set Details Share
Page to share:
Embed this setcancel
COPY
code changes based on your size selection
Size:
X
Show:
1

Anatomy is the study of the ____________ of the body.

Structures

2

Phsiology is the study of the _____________ of the body.

Functions

3

Name the structural organization of the body in order....

  1. Chemical
  2. Tissue
  3. Organ
  4. Organ system
  5. Organism
4

Name the 11 organ systems of the human body

Digestive, Respiratory, Lymphatic, Endocrine, Skeletal, Muscular, Nervous, Integumentary, Circulatory, Reproductive, Urinary

5

Membrane that lines the ventral cavitythat secrets fluid to prevent friction is called......

A serous membrane

6

A double layered membrane that folds to cover viscera organs is called?

Visceral Serosa

7

The double layered membrane which lines the walls is called?

Parietal Serosa

8

What does albumin do for the blood and what is it?

It is a protein which provides thickness and viscosity.

9

What does the axial include:

Head, Neck and Trunk

10

What does appendicular refer to?

The pelvis, arms and legs

11

What is energy?

The capacity of do work.

12

Energy exists in what two states?

Kinetic and Potential

13

What are the four forms of energy?

  1. Chemical
  2. Electrical
  3. Mechanical
  4. Radiant
14

What are the four elements that make up 96% of the body?

C H O N

Carbon, Hydrogen, Oxygen, Nitrogen

15

What element is considered the "universal solvent"

Water

16

What is a positively charged ion called?

Cations

17

What is a negatively charged ion called?

Anions

18

Chemical bonds are formed (A+B-->AB)

Anabolic

think formed or build

19

Chemical bonds are formed (AB-->A+B)

Catabolic

Think of breaking down

20

What does a catalyst do?

Speeds up reactions. Like enzymes

21

What suffix does an enzyme's name often end in?

-ase

22

What are the three classes of carbohydrates?

  1. Monosaccharides
  2. Disaccharides
  3. Polysaccharides
23

Name three types of monosaccharides?

  1. Glucose
  2. Fructose
  3. Galactose
24

Name three types of disaccharides?

  1. Sucrose
  2. Maltose
  3. Lactose
25

What are proteins made of?

Amino acids through peptide bonds

26

What does DNA stand for?

Deoxyribonucleic acid

27

What does RNA stand for?

Ribonucleic Acid

28

What essentially is deoxyribonucleic acid?

The blue print for the body

29

What is ribonucleic acid's function?

To be a messenger and carry out the DNA's instructions

30

What is ATP?

It is an immediate energy source for all cells and their chemical reactions.

31

The _________ is the structural and functional unit of all life.

Cell

32

What is the principle of complimentary?

That all cells, tissues and organs work together.

33

Name three extracelluar fluids (ECF) and compartments?

  1. Interstital fluid or tissue fluid
  2. Blood Plasma
  3. Cerebral Spinal Fluid
34

How do substances move across the plasma membrane?

Passive processes: Requires no energy, like diffusion

Active processes: Requires ATP energy,

Osmosis: Water always chases salt

35

What does water always chase?

Salt

36

Pressure exerted by the fluid against the walls of the blood vessels is called?

Hydrostatic pressure

37

Force opposing the hydrostatic pressure created by colloids such as albumin is called?

Colloid Osmotic Pressure

38

Isotonic solution: ______ concentration of solute inside and outside or the cell, so the cell volume__________________________.

Same, Stays the same

39

Hypertonic solution: ___________concentration of solute outside of the cell than inside of the cell, so the volume________________.

High, Shrinks

40

What does the medical term crenate or crenation mean?

Shrink

41

Hypotonic solution:__________concentration of solute outside of the cell the inside of the cell, so the cell volume______________.

Less, Ruptures

42

What is the medical term Lysis or Lyse mean?

Rupture

43

Remember it is always three_________out and two_______in.

3 sodium out and 2 potassium in

44

There is a higher concentration of ______ outside the cells than inside?

Sodium

45

There is a higher concentration of ________ inside the cell than outside.

Potassium