Anatomy Phisiology Chapter 1-5
Anatomy is the study of the ____________ of the body.
Phsiology is the study of the _____________ of the body.
Name the structural organization of the body in order....
- Organ system
Name the 11 organ systems of the human body
Digestive, Respiratory, Lymphatic, Endocrine, Skeletal, Muscular, Nervous, Integumentary, Circulatory, Reproductive, Urinary
Membrane that lines the ventral cavitythat secrets fluid to prevent friction is called......
A serous membrane
A double layered membrane that folds to cover viscera organs is called?
The double layered membrane which lines the walls is called?
What does albumin do for the blood and what is it?
It is a protein which provides thickness and viscosity.
What does the axial include:
Head, Neck and Trunk
What does appendicular refer to?
The pelvis, arms and legs
What is energy?
The capacity of do work.
Energy exists in what two states?
Kinetic and Potential
What are the four forms of energy?
What are the four elements that make up 96% of the body?
C H O N
Carbon, Hydrogen, Oxygen, Nitrogen
What element is considered the "universal solvent"
What is a positively charged ion called?
What is a negatively charged ion called?
Chemical bonds are formed (A+B-->AB)
think formed or build
Chemical bonds are formed (AB-->A+B)
Think of breaking down
What does a catalyst do?
Speeds up reactions. Like enzymes
What suffix does an enzyme's name often end in?
What are the three classes of carbohydrates?
Name three types of monosaccharides?
Name three types of disaccharides?
What are proteins made of?
Amino acids through peptide bonds
What does DNA stand for?
What does RNA stand for?
What essentially is deoxyribonucleic acid?
The blue print for the body
What is ribonucleic acid's function?
To be a messenger and carry out the DNA's instructions
What is ATP?
It is an immediate energy source for all cells and their chemical reactions.
The _________ is the structural and functional unit of all life.
What is the principle of complimentary?
That all cells, tissues and organs work together.
Name three extracelluar fluids (ECF) and compartments?
- Interstital fluid or tissue fluid
- Blood Plasma
- Cerebral Spinal Fluid
How do substances move across the plasma membrane?
Passive processes: Requires no energy, like diffusion
Active processes: Requires ATP energy,
Osmosis: Water always chases salt
What does water always chase?
Pressure exerted by the fluid against the walls of the blood vessels is called?
Force opposing the hydrostatic pressure created by colloids such as albumin is called?
Colloid Osmotic Pressure
Isotonic solution: ______ concentration of solute inside and outside or the cell, so the cell volume__________________________.
Same, Stays the same
Hypertonic solution: ___________concentration of solute outside of the cell than inside of the cell, so the volume________________.
What does the medical term crenate or crenation mean?
Hypotonic solution:__________concentration of solute outside of the cell the inside of the cell, so the cell volume______________.
What is the medical term Lysis or Lyse mean?
Remember it is always three_________out and two_______in.
3 sodium out and 2 potassium in
There is a higher concentration of ______ outside the cells than inside?
There is a higher concentration of ________ inside the cell than outside.