Bus Law 2.01
Formal written document that admits or denies each allegation of the complaint and states any defenses that the defendant plans to use.
Courts that have the authority to hear appeals and review cases from lower courts.
Authority of court to review a decision of a lower court or administrative agency.
Procedure in which the accused is brought before the court, read the indictment or information, and asked to plead guilty or not guilty.
Action when a person is deprived of his or her freedom.
Money or other property that is left with the court to assure the court that the person will return to stand trial.
Legal document containing a short and plain statement of the plaintiff's claim against the defendant.
Contempt of Court
Action that hinders the administration of justice in court.
Governmental forum that administers justice under the law.
Court of Record
Accurate, detailed report of what went on at a trial.
Minor, under a certain age (usually sixteen, seventeen, or eighteen), who has committed an act that would be a crime if done by an adult.
Hearing whether there are good reasons for keeping the accused in custody and whether or not there are special circumstances affecting the case.
An administrative agency decision-making, notice of charges or potential rule making coupled with opportunity to appear, present evidence, and confront witnesses if warranted.
Due Process of Law
Constitutional requirement for fundamental fairness in our legal and court system.
Ex parte Injunction
issued by a judge after hearing only one side of an argument.
Authority of a court to hear a wide range of cases.
Jury of inquiry. It is a group of citizens called together by a court official to determine whether there is enough evidence to justify accusing certain persons of certain crimes.
Written accusation issued by the grand jury charging the individual or individuals named in it with a certain crime.
Court order issued by a judge ordering a person to do or not to do something.
Court between the lower court and the highest court. Also called appellate court.
Final result of a trial.
Power of a court to decide a case.
Panel of citizens sworn by a court to decide issues of fact in court cases.
Title of a judge on the state Supreme Court or federal Supreme Court.
Individuals over 13 and under 18 years of age who have special status under the criminal law.
Authority of a court to hear only one particular type of case.
Young person who has not reached the age of legal adulthood. Eighteen is now generally accepted as the age of legal adulthood.
City court, usually divided into traffic and criminal divisions.
Power to hear the case in full for the first time.
When judge is required to follow an earlier court decision when deciding a case with similar circumstances. Also called doctrine of stare decisis.
Administers wills and estates.
Defense based on problems with the way evidence is obtained or the way the accused person is arrested, questioned, tried, or punished.
Group of laws that define the methods for enforcing legal rights and duties.
Party that accuses the person of a crime. The plaintiff.
Money a court requires a defendant to pay in order to punish and make an example of the defendant.
Defense that may be used against a holder in due course in a legal action involving a negotiable instrument; a defense that prohibits a holder in due course from collecting on a negotiable instrument.
Small Claims Court
Special court intended to handle small claims on debts quickly and simply.
Doctrine that requires lower courts to follow existing case law in deciding similar cases.
Statue of Limitations
State laws setting time limit for bringing a lawsuit.
Laws enacted by state or federal legislatures.
First court to hear a dispute.
Minor who has done something that would not be a crime if it were done by an adult.
Decision of the jury.