Key Concepts- Ch 34

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created 4 years ago by Lexi1108
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1

pain is classified by cause as either

nociceptive pain

or

neuropathic pain

2

pain processes involved in nociceptive pain

transduction, transmission, perception, modulation

3

8 factors influencing the pain experience

culture, variables, family, gender, age, religion, support people, anxiety, past pain experiences

4

misconceptions about pain by both the patient and health care professional can influence the pain experience and result in

underassessment

and

failure to relieve pain

5

nursing diagnoses related to pain can classify it as either the

problem

or the

etiology

6

expected patient outcomes regarding pain are directed towards

eliminating or reducing the pain, and
management of pain relief strategies

7

can be integrated with conventional medical pain treatments and practices in all health care settings

complementary and alternative pain relief

8

medications that relieve pain

analgesics

9

3 types of analgesics

opioids

nonopioid analgesics

adjuvant analgesics

10

considered the prototype opioid bc its available in multiple dosage forms, has a fairly predictable action, and is relatively inexpensive

morphine

11

the 3 step analgesic ladder devised by the World Health Organization recommends

the appropriate progress of drugs and dosages to manage chronic pain effectively

12

PCA stands for

patient controlled analgesics

13

2 options that exist to deliver opioids and improve pain management

PCAs and epidural analgesia