Key Concepts- Chapter 6

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1

beliefs about the worth of something and are formed during a lifetime

values

2

what influences values

environment
family
culture

3

values essential to the professional nurse

altuism
autonomy
human dignity
integrity
social justice

4

nurses can use ___ to help themselves and patients come to understand their own values and value systems to guide decision making

the process of value clarification

5

types of ethics

bioethics, clinical ethics, and nursing ethics

6

systems of thought that attempt to answer how we ought to live and why

ethical theories

7

theories are broadly categorized as

action or character guiding

8

the principles-based approach to ethics offers specific action guides such as

autonomy
beneficence
nonmaleficence
justice

9

other values highly valued by nurses include

fidelity
veracity
accountability
privacy
confidentiality

10

the care based approach to ethics priortizes

the nurse patient relationship

11

the care based approach cultivates virtues such as

kindness
attentiveness
empathy
compassion
reliability

12

nurses learn to practice ethical conduct by

cultivating the virtues of nursing,
understanding ethical theories of conduct,
becoming familiar with codes of ethics and standards of conduct.

13

bills of rights exist for

patients and RNs

14

can be used to guide ethical decision making

the nursing process

15

central to the roles and identity or professional nursing

patient advocacy

16

advocacy may involve political

activism and whistle-blowing