Human Nutrition - Planning a Healthy Diet

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created 4 years ago by Elicia_Sontag
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1

What are the diet-planning principles?

  • Adequacy
  • Balance
  • Energy (kJ)
  • Nutrient density
  • Moderation
  • Variety
2

How many food groups are in the Australian Guide to Healthy Eating? Name & identify several foods typical of each group.

  • Fruits - apples, apricots, bananas, oranges,etc
  • Vegetables & legumes/beans - carrots, pumpkin, potatoes, chickpeas
  • Grains (cereal foods) - whole grains, breads, crackers
  • Lean meat & poultry, fish, eggs, nuts and seeds
  • Milk, yoghurt, cheese &/or the alternatives
  • Fats & Oils - use small amounts - margarine, canola oil
  • 'Extra' foods & beverages - doughnut, cake, chocolate
3

What is the differences between nutrient claims and health claims?

Nutrient claims are phrases used on labels claiming to be correct as long as they meet the FSANZ definitions

Health claims is an effort to provide consumers with more information for healthier food choices, and industry with greater incentives to develop healthier food products

4

The diet-planning principle that provides all the essential nutrients in sufficient amounts to support health is:

  1. balance
  2. variety
  3. adequacy
  4. moderation

c. adequacy

5

Which of the following is consistent with the Australian Dietary Guidelines?

  1. Choose a diet restricted in fat and cholesterol
  2. Balance the food you eat with physical activity
  3. Eat plenty of vegetables,legumes and fruit
  4. Eat an abundance of foods to ensure nutrient adequacy

c. Eat plenty of vegetables, legumes and fruit

6

According to the Australian Guide of Healthy Eating, the number of serves of dairy foods recommended for adolescents aged 14-18 years is:

  1. 2
  2. 2.5
  3. 3
  4. 3.5

d. 3.5

7

Foods within a given food group of The Australian Guide of Healthy Eating are similar in their contents of:

  1. energy
  2. proteins and fibre
  3. vitamins and minerals
  4. carbohydrates and fats

c. vitamins and minerals

8

What ingredient is exempt from being listed in descending order of predominance by weight on food labels?

  1. vitamins
  2. minerals
  3. water
  4. salt

c. water

9

'Low fat' is an example of a:

  1. health claim
  2. nutrition fact
  3. nutrition content claim
  4. nutrition advertising

c. nutrition content claim