Key Concepts- Chapter 1

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1

elevated the status of nursing to a respected occupation, improved the quality of nursing care, and founded modern nursing education

florence nightingale

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defines nursing as the protection, promotion, and optimization of health and abilities, prevention of illness and injury, alleviation of suffering through the diagnosis and treatment of human response, and advocacy in the care of individuals, families, communities and populations.

The American Nurses Association

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promoting health, prevent illness, restore health, and facilitate coping with disability or death

Nursing's 4 broad aims

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4 blended competencies to meet nursing aims

cognitive, technical, interpersonal, and ethical/legal

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QSEN stands for

Quality and Safety Education for Nursing

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specified nursing aims

QSEN

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the 9 specified QSEN competencies

patient centered care,
teamwork and collaboration,
quality improvement,
safety,
EBP,
service orientation,
code of ethics,
autonomy,
and self regulation.

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Nursing is recognized as a profession bc it has

a unique body of knowledge
service orientation
code of ethics
autonomy
and self-regulation

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types of programs that can lead to licensure are part of

educational preparation

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Types of educational preparation for RNs

diploma
associates degree
baccalaureate
graduate programs
and alternative programs

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Types of alternative routes to become an RN

Entry-level masters programs,
Accelerated programs for graduates of non-nursing disciplines,
Community college based baccalaureate programs,
RN completion programs for LPNs and allied health providers

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Graduate programs for nursing

Masters degrees
Dr of nursing practice
Dr of nursing science
PhDs

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nursing controls and guarantees its practice through

standards of practice,
nurse practice acts and licensure,
and the use of the nursing process

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critical challenges to nursing practice in the 21st century

growing population of hospitalized patients who are older and more acutely ill,
increasing health care costs,
and the need to stay current with rapid advances in medical knowledge and technology.

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Florence Nightingales role in nursing

made nursing a respectable occupation, improved the quality of nursing care,
and founded modern nursing education

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The way ANA defines nursing

1. protection, promotion, and optimization of health and abilities,
2. prevention of illness and injury,
3. alleviation of suffering through the diagnosis and treatment of human response,
4. and advocacy in the care of individuals, families, communities and populations.