Drug Preparations

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created 9 years ago by stacyayako
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1

gelatinous container to hold powder/liquid med (ORAL)

capsule

2

liquid preparation of med w/alcohol base (ORAL)

elixir

3

suspension w/in an oil base (ORAL)

emulsion

4

coating that causes drug absorption in intestines rather than stomach; prevents GI irritation (ORAL)

enteric coated

5

tablet held in mouth to be dissolved (ORAL)

lozenge (troche)

6

finely ground drug; frequently mixed w/liquid before administration (ORAL)

powder

7

timed-release drug capsule, which dissolves more slowly to provide an effect over over a long period (ORAL)

spansule

8

med in liquid, which must be shaken before administration because it separates (ORAL)

suspension

9

med dissolved in syrup & water (ORAL)

syrup

10

compressed hard disk of powdered med; may be scored for easy breaking; may be sugar coated or have film coating for cohesion (ORAL)

tablet

11

potent soln w/alcohol base made from plants; dosage usually small (ORAL)

tincture

12

nongreasy, semisolid preparation for topical application (TOPICAL)

cream

13

translucent/clear semisolid substance that liquefies when applied to skin (TOPICAL)

gel/jelly

14

oily liquid used on skin (TOPICAL)

liniment

15

emollient liquid, clear soln/suspension, which is applied to skin (TOPICAL)

lotion

16

drug combined w/oil base for external application (TOPICAL)

ointment

17

thick ointment used for local application to the skin (TOPICAL)

paste

18

med contained w/in a gelatinous base (shaped for easy insertion into body), which dissolves at body temp, slowly releasing the drug (TOPICAL)

suppository

19

med in a patch, which, when applied to skin, permits gradual, controlled absorption (TOPICAL)

transdermal patch