Diseases, Disorders and Diagnostic Terms: Endocrine System

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1

Hyperthyroidism

abnormally increased activity of the thyroid

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exophthalmos

protrusion of the eyeballs

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goiter

enlarged thyroid gland

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euthyroid

normal thyroid function

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hypothyroidism

decreased activity of the thyroid

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diabetes insipidus

disorder associated with a deficiency of ADH

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diabetes mellitus

disorder associated with insufficient or improper use of insulin

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polyuria

frequent urination

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polydipsia

increased thirst

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hyperglycemia

increased level of blood glucose

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glycosuria

sugar in the urine

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acromegaly

abnormal enlargement of the extremities of the skeleton caused by hypersecretion of the growth hormone after maturity

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adenoma

tumor of a gland

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cretinism

congenital deficiency of thyroid secretion marked by arrested physical and mental development

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dwarfism

caused by hyposecretion of growth hormone during childhood, causes a person to be much smaller than normal size

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gigantism

condition in which person reaches an abnormal stature, results from hypersecretion of growth hormone during childhood

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hyperinsulinism

excessive secretion of insulin by the pancreas, which causes hypoglycemia

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hyperparathyroidism

increased activity of the parathyroid glands

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hypoglycemia

abnormally low blood sugar

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hypoparathyroidism

decreased activity of the parathyroid gland

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hypopituitarism

diminished activity of the pituitary gland

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myxedema

condition resulting from hypofunction of the thyroid gland, characterized by a dry, waxy swelling of the skin

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thyrotoxicosis

morbid condition caused by excessive thyroid secretion

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hypophysectomy

surgical removal or destruction of the hypophysis or pituitary gland

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antithyroid drugs

block the production of thyroid hormones

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thyroidectomy

excision of the thyroid

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insulin pump

portable battery-operated instrument that delivers a dose of insulin through the abdominal wall according to the body's needs

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glucose lowering agent

insulin