Function and Structures of the Endocrine System

Helpfulness: 0
Set Details Share
created 5 years ago by Erin_Cook_Phillips
31 views
show moreless
Page to share:
Embed this setcancel
COPY
code changes based on your size selection
Size:
X
Show:
1

What is the function of the endocrine system

regulate body activities

2

What is the meaning of hyposecretion

deficiency in hormone production

3

What is the meaning of hypersecretion

excess hormone production

4

hormones

chemical substances that are discharged into the bloodstream and used in other parts of the body

5

endocrine glands

ductless and secrete their hormones into the bloodstream

6

exocrine glands

open onto a body surface and discharge their secretions through ducts; exocrine glands are NOT part of the endocrine system

7

target organ

organ or structure toward which the effects of a hormone are primarily directed

8

pituitary

hypophysis; produces stimulating hormones that act on endocrine glands which then produce hormones

9

pancreas

produces insulin for the regulation of blood glucose by coordinating with other hormones

10

adrenals

produces adrenaline or epinephrine; a potent stimulator of the "flight or fight" response, increasing blood pressure and cardiac output

produces cortizone which is important in the regulation of body metabolism

11

testicles

produce androgen ( am major androgen in testosterone); functions in the development and maintenance of masculinizing characteristics

12

pituitary

produces ADH (antidiuretic hormone) for the supression of urine formation

produces growth hormone for the stimulation of body growth and maintenance of size once growth is obtained

13

ovaries

produce estrogen (female sex hormone; includes estradiol, and estrone) during menstrual cycle, estrogens act on the female genitalia to produce a suitable site for fertilization, implantation, and nutrition of the early embryo

14

thyroid

produces thyroxine (iodine-containing hormone) important in cell metabolism