Surgical and Therapeutic Interventions: The Urinary System

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created 5 years ago by Erin_Cook_Phillips
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1

Urethral Catheterization

the most common method of urinary diversion

an indwelling catheter held securely in place by a balloon tip filled with water, is left in place for a longer period.

2

suprapubic catheter

a catheter placed in the bladder through a small incision or puncture of the abdominal wall approximately 1 inch above the symphysys pubis.

3

ureteral catheter

catheter passed into the distal ends of the ureters from the bladder and threaded up the ureters into the renal pelvis, may be surgically inserted through the abdominal wall into the ureter

4

percutaneous nephrostomy

tube inserted on a temporary basis into the renal pelvis when a complete obstruction of the ureter is present

a new opening is made into the renal pelvis through the overlaying skin

5

hemodialysis

kidney dialysis; process of diffusing blood through a membrane to remove toxic materials and maintain proper chemical balance

6

peritoneal dialysis

alternative to hemodialysis

the dialyzing solution is introduced into and removed from the peritoneal cavity

7

diuretic

increasing urination or an agent that causes increased urinationsuch as tea, coffee, alcohol, and water

8

nephrectomy

surgical removal of a donated kidney

9

laparoscopic nephrectomy

removal of the kidney through several small incisions in the abdominal wall, rather than an open surgical incision

10

immunosuppressive therapy

the administration of agents that significantly interfere with the immune response of the recipient to prevent rejection of donor (kidney)

11

transurethral rescetion TUR

small pieces of tissue from a nearby structure are removed through the wall of the urethra

12

TURP

transurethral resection of the prostate

13

cystectomy

surgical excision of the bladder

14

cystostomy

surgical creation of a new opening into the bladder

15

lithotripsy

crushing of a stone either surgically or with high energy shockwaves or laser

16

lithotrite

instrument used for surgically crushing bladder stones

17

extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy ESWL

renal lithotripsy using using shock waves

18

nephroscope

fiberoptic instrument that is inserted through the skin to remove fragments of a kidney stone by suction

19

nephroscopy

the use of a nephroscope to eliminate renal calculi or to examine the kidney visually

20

nephrolithotomy

incision of the kidney for removal of a kidney stone

21

nephrotomy

incision of the kidney

22

nephropexy

surgical attachment of a prolapsed kidney

23

nephrostomy

pyelostomy

creation of a new opening into the renal pelvis of the kidney usually done to drain urine from the kidney

24

percutaneous bladder biopsy

removal of tissue from the bladder by using a needle inserted through the skin overlying the bladder for diagnostic purposes

25

precutaneous renal biopsy

removal of tissue from the kidney using a needle puncture of the skin and tissue overlaying the kidney; done for diagnostic purposes

26

pyelolithotomy

surgical incision of the kidney to remove a stone from the renal pelvis (removal of the stone is implied)

27

ureteroplasty

surgical repair of a ureter