Diseases, Disorders and Diagnostic Terms

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1

urinalysis

physical, chemical, and microscopic examination of the urine performed in the clinical laboratory

2

glycosuria

presence of sugar in the urine

3

proteinuria

presence of protein in the urine

4

hematuria

presence of blood in the urine

5

albuminuria

term used instead of proteinuria when there is a very high concentration of albumin

6

pyuria

the presence of pus in the urine

7

ketonuria

the presence of ketones in the urine

8

diabetes mellitus

an endocrine disorder characterized by glycosuria and hyperglycemia and results from inadequate production or use of insulin

9

renal angiography (renal arteriography)

radiographic study to assess the arterial blood supply to the kidneys; requires contrast into renal arteries by catheter

10

renal arteriogram

the record produced by renal angiography

11

nephrotomography

sectional radiographic examination of the kidneys, generally using contrast

12

nephrotomograms

the record produced by nephrotomography

13

nephromalacia

softening of the kidney

14

nephromegaly

enlargement of one or both kidneys

either lateral meaning one or bilateral meaning both

15

nephrosonography

ultrasonic scanning of the kidneys

16

nephroptosis

prolapse of a kidney

17

urolithiasis

presence of urinary stones

18

cystolithiasis

presence of a stone or stones in the urinary bladder

19

nephrolithiasis

condition marked by the presence of kidney stones

20

nephrolith

kidney stone however they are usually called renal calculi

21

pyelitis

inflammation of the renal pelvis

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nephritis

Bright disease; inflammation of the kidney

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glomerulonephritis

glomeruli or glomerulus of the kidney is inflammed

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intravenous urography

radiographic technique for examining the urinary system

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urogram

image produced in urography

26

The term previously used for intravenous urography and the image produced

IVP or intravenous pyelography

pyelogram

27

cystoscopy

examination of the urinary bladder

28

cystoscope

the instrument used in cystoscopy

29

urethroscopy

visual examination of the urethra

30

cystitis

inflammation of the bladder

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dysuria

difficult or painful urination

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polyuria

excretion of an abnormally large quantity of urine

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diuresis

another term for the excretion of an abnormally large quantity of urine

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oliguria

diminished capacity to form urine or excreting less than 500 mL of urine per day

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uremia

toxic condition associated with renal insufficiency or renal failure

36

cystocele

bladder hernia that protrudes into the vagina

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nephrosis

condition in which there are degenerative changes in the kidneys but no inflammation

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nephrotoxic

destructive to kidney tissue

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polycystic kidney disease

hereditary disorder characterized by hundreds of fluid-filled cysts throughout both kidneys

40

polyp

tumor found on a mucosal surface such as the inner lining of the bladder

41

renal cell carcinoma

a malignant neoplasm of the kidney; kidney cancer

42

renal failure

failure of the kidney to perform its essential functions. Acute renal failure (ARF) is a critical situation

43

renal insufficiency

reduced ability of the kidney to perform its functions

44

retrograde urography

x-ray examination of the renal pelvis and ureter after injection of a contrast medium into the renal pelvis

45

urinary incontinence

inability to hold urine in the bladder

46

urinary retention

inability to empty the bladder

47

urinary tract infection UTI

an infection of the urinary tract

48

voiding cystourethrogram

radiographic record of the bladder and urethra