A disruption of or interference with function may
to a condition of abnormal structure or function
When the disease produces a demonstrable change such as a rash or a tumor
When there is no such physical change, the condition is said to be
infectious diseases (those caused by pathogenic organisms), hereditary conditions that are associated with the genetic makeup of the individual, degenerative conditions that involve deterioration of structure or function, traumatic conditions caused by injury, and nutritional diseases that occur in the absence of adequate nourishment.
common way to classify diseases
when the body produces an immune response against itself.
individual or unknown
Combining form of idi/o
condition is one for which the cause is unknown
Curvature of the spine for which the reason is unknown
one caused by treatment, diagnostic procedure, or other action of the physician
ophysician or treatment
the functional and structural manifestations of disease. In this sense it is often used as a synonym for disease or disorder.
general term for any disease of the nervous system
1. denotes disease 2.to indicate a feeling or a regimen of treatment
Psychological ailments are typically categorized as
The different categories used to classify diseases by their general nature are:
infectious diseases (those caused by pathogenic organisms), hereditary conditions that are associated with the genetic makeup of the individual, degenerative conditions that involve deterioration of structure or function, traumatic conditions caused by injury, and nutritional diseases that occur in the absence of adequate nourishment ad autoimmune diseases that resule when the body produces an immune response against itself
is one that is acquired while in the hospital
combining form nos/o
Also called pathogenic microorganisms
The degree of a microorganism's ability to cause disease
Another term that means virulence
branch of science that is concerned with the study of microorganisms
literally means lung condition
the condition of having stones or calculi
abnormal stone, most often found in the gallbladder or the urinary tract.
condition of the nerves
1. refer to a condition 2. Theory
the theory of health care that relates to the concept of the human being as a functioning whole
blood condition of many/excessive cells. The number of red blood cells is excessive.
condition of blood
condition of infection in the blood
When a blood infection is caused by bacteria
deficiency of blood
lack of blood, although in practice the term anemia is a general term that can indicate a variety of blood conditions
a condition of white blood cells.
drooping eyelid, the condition seen in this photo.
The procedure for correcting drooping eyelid,
When sagging(-ptosis) begins to occur in the kidney(nephr/o)
condition of drooping, sagging, or prolapse
When sagging(-ptosis) begins to occur in the uterus, prolapse is called
protrusion of an organ or tissue through an abnormal opening in the muscle wall of the surrounding cavity
herniation, or denotes a relationship to a hernia.
(This suffix is usually preceded by a combining form that indicates the anatomic structure that is protruding.)
protrusion of the rectum, or a portion of it, through the pelvic wall
protrusion of the urinary bladder
another term for an umbilical hernia. . It is a protrusion of a portion of the small intestine through the abdominal wall at the navel.
medical term for a stone in a ureter
tube connecting the kidney to the bladder
combining form for bile or the biliary system
the medical term for a surgical incision to remove a kidney stone
combining form for nose
inflammation of the nose, and possibly also paranasal
inflammation of the sinuses that surround the nasal cavity
the body's response to disease and injury
The classic signs of inflammation
redness, swelling, warmth, and pain, often cited in Latin as rubor, tumor, calor, and dolor
Latin word for swelling, in English it may have the same meaning, but more often it refers to a new growth of tissue, often characterized by uncontrolled, progressive multiplication of cells
another term for tumor and means new growth
combining form for tumor
study of tumors
specialist in the treatment of tumors
suffix that means tumor
a tumor made up of fatty tissue
combining form for fat
a tumor made up of nerve tissue
When growth is uncontrolled, getting progressively worse, and especially when it spreads to other sites in the body, the tumor is said to be
a tumor tht in snot malgnant is said to be
a malignant tumo is called
cancer which is the Latin word for crab
Malignant tumors are called cancers because
they tend to infiltrate, to extend into the surrounding tissues like the legs and claws of a crab
benign tumors tend to
be encapsulated and have smooth edges
The combining forms for cancer
carcin/o and cancer/o.
a malignant tumor
pertaining to cancer.
a type of mental disorder that is characterized by excessive preoccupation with a particular idea or activity
combining form for fire
an excessive preoccupation with watching or setting fires
an abnormal mental state characterized by an unreasonable belief in one's own goodness, greatness, or power
denotes one who shows such an excessive preoccupation
person afflicted by megalomania could be described as
fear and refers to a persistent, irrational, and abnormal fear
fear of spiders
fear of open spaces or public places. It is based on the Greek word agora, which means marketplace
fear of enclosed spaces or of being trapped in a small space