Ch. 3 part A

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1

The 2 large muscles found in the posterior abdomen adjacent to the lumbar vertebra and usually visible on AP radiograph are the?

psoas major

2

The medical prefix for stomach is?

gastro

3

List the three parts of the small intestine?

Duodenum, Jejunum, and Ileum

4

Which portion of the small intestine is considered to be the longest?

ileum

5

The large intestines begins in the right ____ quadrant with a saclike area called the _____

right lower, cecum

6

The sigmoid colon is located between the _____ and _____ of the large intestines.

Descending colon, Rectum

7

Which one of the following organs is considered to be part of the lymphatic system?

Spleen

8

List the three accessory digestive organs.

pancreas, liver, and gallbladder

9

The pancreas is located anteriorly or posteriorly to the stomach

posteriorly

10

Which one of the following organs is not directly associated with the digestive sy?

Spleen

11

Which endocrine glands are superomedial to each kidney?

presence of liver on right

12

Why is the right kidney found in a more inferior position than the left kidney?

Suprarenals

13

T/F T he correct term for the radiographic study of the urinary sy. is intravenous pyelogram (IVP)

False

14

The double walled membrane lining the abdominopelvic cavity is called the ____?

peritoneum

15

The organ located posteriorly to, or behind, the serous membrane lining of the abdominopelvic cavity are referred to as _____

Retroperitoneal

16

which one of the following structures is a double fold of peritoneum that connects the transverse colon to the greater curvature of the stomach

Greater omentum

17

Which one of the following structures helps stabilize and support the small intestines?

Mesentery

18

The correct location of the peritoneum

liver

Intraperitoneum

19

The correct location of the peritoneum

urinary bladder

Infraperitoneum

20

The correct location of the peritoneum

kidneys

Retroperitoneum

21

The correct location of the peritoneum

Spleen

Intraperitoneum

22

The correct location of the peritoneum

Ovaries

Infraperitoneum

23

The correct location of the peritoneum

Duodenum

Retroperitoneum

24

The correct location of the peritoneum

Transverse colon

Intraperitoneum

25

The correct location of the peritoneum

Testes

Infraperitoneum

26

The correct location of the peritoneum

Adrenal glands

Retroperitoneum

27

The correct location of the peritoneum

Stomach

Intraperitoneum

28

The correct location of the peritoneum

pancreas

Retroperitoneum

29

The correct location of the peritoneum

Ascending and descending colon

Retroperitoneum

30

For each of the following organs, identify the correct abdominal quadrant in which organ is found- LUQ, RLQ, RUQ, LLQ

Liver

RUQ

31

For each of the following organs, identify the correct abdominal quadrant in which organ is found- LUQ, RLQ, RUQ, LLQ

Spleen

LUQ

32

For each of the following organs, identify the correct abdominal quadrant in which organ is found- LUQ, RLQ, RUQ, LLQ

Sigmond colon

LLQ

33

For each of the following organs, identify the correct abdominal quadrant in which organ is found- LUQ, RLQ, RUQ, LLQ

Left colic flexure

LUQ

34

For each of the following organs, identify the correct abdominal quadrant in which organ is found- LUQ, RLQ, RUQ, LLQ

Stomach

LUQ

35

For each of the following organs, identify the correct abdominal quadrant in which organ is found- LUQ, RLQ, RUQ, LLQ

appendix

RLQ

36

For each of the following organs, identify the correct abdominal quadrant in which organ is found- LUQ, RLQ, RUQ, LLQ

Two-thirds of jejunum

LLQ

37

What is the correct name for the abdominal region found directly in the middle of the abdomen?

Umbilical

38

Which one of the following abdominal regions contains the rectum?

Pubic

39

The prominence of the greater trochanter is about the same level of the _____ symphysis pubis, and the lower margins of the ischial tuberosities is about ____ inches (___cm) _____ (proximal or distal) to the symphysis pubis

Superior border; 1.5 inches; 1 to 4 cm; distal

40

Which topographic landmark corresponds to the inferior margin of the abdomen and is formed by the anterior junction of 2 pelvic bones?

symphysis pubis

41

which topographic landmark id found at the level of L2-L3?

Inferior costal margin

42

The iliac crest is at the level of the ______ vertebra.

Interspace between L4-L5