Diseases, Disorders and Diagnostic Terms

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created 5 years ago by Erin_Cook_Phillips
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1

esophagram

esophagogram

an x-ray image of the esophagus taken while the patient swallows a liquid barium suspension

2

barium swallow

procedure where an x ray is taken while the patient swallows liquid barium suspension

3

barium meal

ingested in an upper GI series, radiographic examination is made as the barium passes through the esophagus, stomach, and duodenum

4

barium enema

rectal infusion of barium sulfate to study the lower intestinal tract

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biliary tract

pathway for bile flow from the liver to the bile duct and into the duodenum

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gallstone

biliary calculus or stone formed in the biliary tract, varying in size from very small to 4-5 cm in diameter

7

jaundice

right upper quadrant pain, obstruction, and inflammation of the gallbladder

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choledocholithiasis

gallstones lodged in the common bile duct

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pancreatolithiasis

presence of a pancreatic stone

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sialography

a procedure to study the salivary ducts by injecting radiopaque substances into the ducts, which may be used to demonstrate the presence of calculi in the ducts

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esophagoscopy

upper gastrointestinal endoscopy where the focus of the examination is the esophagus

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gastroscopy

upper gastrointestinal endoscopy where the focus of the examination is the stomach

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colonoscopy

endoscopic examination of the colon

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colonoscope

instrument used to perform a colonoscopy

15

sigmoidoscopy

inspection of the rectum and sigmoid colon with and endoscope

16

proctoscopy

endoscopic examination of the rectum

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proctoscope

instrument used to perfoem an examination of the rectum

18

diabetes mellitus (DM)

result of a resistance to insulin or lack of insulin secretion by the insulin-secreting cells of the pancreas

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hyperglycemia

an increased glucose level in the blood

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polyphagia

excessive hunger and uncontrolled eating

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polyuria

excessive urination

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polydipsia

excessive thirst

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gestational diabetes mellitus

first recognized during pregnancy, a carbohydrate intolerance, usually caused by a deficiency of insulin, disappears after delivery

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hypoglycemia

the pancreas produces too much insulin resulting in the blood containing less than the normal amount of sugar

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hyperlipemia

hyperlipidemia

an increased amount of fat or lipids in the blood

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obesity

an abnormal increase in the proportion of fat cells of the body

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hyperemesis

excessive vomiting

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dehydration

output of bodily fluid exceeds fluid intake

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emaciation

excessive leanness caused by disease or lack of nutrition

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anorexia

loss of appetite for food

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anorexia nervosa

psychological stress or conflict related disorder characterized by prolonged refusal to eat that results in emaciation

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bulimia

episodes of binge eating followed by self induced vomiting

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malnutrition

depletion of nutrients for body cells either from prolonged anorexia or bulimia

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malabsorption syndrome

a complex of symptoms that include anorexia, weight loss, flatulence, muscle cramps, and bone pain

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flatulence

excessive gas in the stomach and intestinal tract that leads to bloating

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appendicitis

inflammation of the vermiform appendix

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hepatitis

inflammation of the liver

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hepatic

pertaining to the liver

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cirrhosis

a chronic liver disease characterized by marked degeneration of liver cells

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hepatotoxic

toxic or destructive to the liver

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cholangitis

inflammation of the bile ducts

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cholangiography

x-ray examination of the bile ducts

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cholangiogram

the record of the bile ducts produced in cholangiography

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pancreatolith

pancreatic stone

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sialolithiasis

presence of a salivary stone

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eupepsia

good or normal digestion

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dyspepsia

poor or abnormal digestion

48

viscera

large internal organs enclosed within a cavity

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visceral

pertaining to the large internal organs in the abdominal cavity

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peritonitis

inflammation of the peritoneum

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peritoneum

membrane that surrounds the viscera and lines the abdominal cavity

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inguinal

an opening in the abdominal wall for passage of spermatic cord in males and a ligament of the uterus in females