Diseases, Disorders and Diagnostic Terms

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1

oximetry

a noninvasive photodiagnostic method of monitoring blood oxygen saturation in the arteries

2

oximeter

instrument used to measure blood oxygen levels

3

eupnea

normal breathing rate

12-20 breaths per minute

4

bradypnea

abnormally slow breathing rate

slower than 12 breaths per minute

5

tachypnea

fast breathing rate

faster than 20 breaths per minute

6

hyperpnea

deep breathing faster than 20 breaths per minute

7

eu

normal

8

dys

bad

9

-pnea

breathing

10

orth/o

straight

11

apnea

temporary absence of breathing

12

orthopnea

condition in which breathing is uncomfortable in any position except sitting erect or standing

13

hyperventilation

increased aeration of the lungs, which reduces carbon dioxide levels in the body and can disrupt homeostasis

14

spir/o

to breathe

15

metry

measurement

16

spirometry

measurement of the amount of air taken into and expelled from the lungs

17

hypoxia or anoxia

deficiency of oxygen

18

nares

nostrils

19

nasal septum

partition between the two nasal cavities

20

sinusitis

inflammation of a sinus

21

rhinitis

inflammation of the nasal membrane

22

rhinorrhea

watery discharge from the nose

23

pharynx

throat

24

nasopharyngeal

pertaining to the nose and pharynx

25

pharyngitis

inflammation of the pharynx

26

eustachian tube, auditory tube, or otopharyngeal tube

extends from the middle ear tot the pharynx

27

laryngopharynx

lower part of the pharynx where it divides into the larynx and the esophagus

28

laryngitis

inflammation of the larynx

29

aphonia

absence of voice

30

dysphonia

weak voice or difficulty in speaking

31

aphasia

inability to communicate through speech,writing, or signs, caused by improper functioning of the brain

32

aphasic

one affected by aphasia problem from the brain not the larynx

33

dysphasia

speech impairment resulting from a brain lesion, lack of coordination and an inability to arrange words in their proper order

34

laryngalgia

pain of the larynx

35

glottis

vocal apparatus of the larynx

36

laryngeal polyp

a small tumor-like growth on the vocal cords that can cause hoarseness

37

trachea

windpipe

38

sputum

material raised from inflamed mucous membranes of the respiratory tract

39

bronchoscopic

examination of the bronchi

40

tracheobronchial

pertaining to both the trachea and the bronchi

41

bronchoscope

instrument used in the examination of the bronchi for obtaining a biopsy specimen, suctioning or removing foreign bodies

42

bronchoscopy

visual examination of the tracheobronchial tree using a bronchoscope

43

laryngoscopy

endoscopic examination/procedure that allows visualization of the larynx

44

bronchopulmonary

pertaining to the bronchi and the lungs

45

bronchioles

little bronchi

46

pneumonia, pneumonitis

inflammation of the lungs

47

bronchopneumonia

inflammation of the lungs and the bronchi

48

pulmonary edema

effusion (escape) of fluid into the air spaces and tissue spaces of the lungs

49

edema

abnormal accumulation of fluid in the interstitial spaces of the tissue

50

pneumothorax

air or gas in the chest cavity specifically the pleural cavity

51

hemothorax

blood in the pleural cavity

52

pneumohemothorax

presence of air and blood in the pleural cavity

53

pulmonary arteries

carry blood away from the heart to the lungs so carbon dioxide can be exchanged for oxygen

54

embolus

blood clot or thrombus

55

pulmonary embolism

the pulmonary artery is obstructed by a blood clot

56

atel/o

imperfect

57

coni/o

a relationship to dust

58

embol/o

embolus

59

home/o

sameness

60

-ole

little

61

ox/o

oxygen

62

-pnea

breathing

63

silic/o

silica

64

spir/o

to breathe (sometimes spiral)