Surgical and Therapeutic Interventions: Heart & Blood Vessels

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created 5 years ago by Erin_Cook_Phillips
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1

cardiopulmonary bypass

method used to divert blood away from the heart and lungs temporarily when surgery of the heart and major blood vessels is performed

2

cardiopulmonary

pertaining to the heart and lungs

3

sinoatrial (SA) node

the hearts natural pacemaker

4

cardioversion

restoring the hearts normal rhythm using electrical shock

5

implanted cardioverter defibrillator (ICD)

device that detects sustained ventricular tachycardia or fibrillation and delivers a low energy shock to the heart, restoring the normal rhythm

6

cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR)

emergency first aid procedure used to reestablish heart and lung action if breathing or heart action is stopped

7

antiarrhythmic drugs

medications used to prevent, alleviate, or correct an abnormal heart rhythm

8

digoxin

well known drug prescribed in the treatment of congestive heart failure and certain arrhythmia

9

nitroglycerin

coronary vasodilator often used in angina pectoris

10

thrombolytic

agent administered through a catheter to dissolve a blood clot

11

heparin

oral anticoagulant

12

antihypertensives

agents used to reduce high blood pressure

13

diuretics

act to reduce the blood volume through greater excretion of water by the kidneys

14

antilipidemic

drugs prescribed to lower cholesterol levels in the blood

15

angioplasty

surgical repair of blood vessels

16

coronary artery bypass graft (CABG)

used when blockage is too severe for angioplasty

17

atherectomy

cutting away plaque from the lining of an artery

18

intravascular thrombosis

thrombotic agent to dissolve the clot delivered through catheter

19

phlebectomy

surgical excision of a vein

20

hemorrhoidectomy

surgical excision of a hemorrhoid