Structures of the Cardiovascular System

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created 5 years ago by Erin_Cook_Phillips
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1

name the two body systems that make up the circulatory system

cardiovascular

lymphatic

2

list the five anatomical types of blood vessels

vein

arteries

venules

arterioles

capillaries

3

arteries

blood vessel that leaves the heart carrying oxygen-rich blood to parts of the body

4

arterioles

little arteries branch from arteries

5

capillaries

tiny blood vessels with one cell thick walls where oxygen and and waste and carbon dioxide are exchanged

6

venules

small veins branch from veins returning to the heart

7

veins

blood vessels carrying blood back to the heart by way of the venae cavae

8

path of deoxygenated blood in and out of the heart

venae cavae

right atrium

right ventricle

pulmonary artery

9

path of oxygenated blood in and out of the heart

pulmonary veins

left atrium

left ventricle

aorta

10

atrioventricular valves (AV)

tricuspid and bicuspid or mitral valve

11

tricuspid valve

three flapped valve on the right side of the heart

12

bicuspid or mitral valve

two flapped valve on the left side of the heart

13

aorta

artery by which blood leaves the heart to be routed through the body

14

pericardium

a sac that encloses the heart

15

visceral or epicardium

inner most layer of the pericardium

16

endocardium

lining of the heart

17

myocardium

muscular middle layer of the heart

18

coronary

encircling, in the manner of a crown and refers to the way in which coronary arteries encircle the heart