Surgical and Therapeutic Interventions

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created 5 years ago by Erin_Cook_Phillips
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updated 5 years ago by Erin_Cook_Phillips
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1

reduction

method of pulling broken fragments into alignment torestore fractures to their normal positions

2

closed reduction

fracture restored to its normal position by manitpulation and without surgery

3

open reduction

fracture must be exposed by surgery before the broken ends can be aligned

4

internal fixation

the use of pins, rods, plates, or screws to immobilize the fracture and to stabilize the alignment

5

external fixation

used in both open and closed reductions; method uses pins attached to a compression device outside the skin surface

6

antiosterporotics

medications and supplements used to treat osteoporosis

7

vertebroplasty

repair of vertebral fractures by injecting a cement like substance into the body to stabilize and strengthen it and immediately remove pain

8

bunionectomy

excision of a bunion

9

ostectomy

excision of a bone or portion of a bone

10

costectomy

excision of a rib

11

craniotomy

incision into the skull

12

craniectomy

excision of a segment of the skull

13

cranioplasty

plastic surgery to repair the skull

14

chondroectomy

excision of cartilage

15

tendoplasty

surgical repair of a tendon

16

myoplasty

surgical repair of a muscle

17

tenomyoplasty

surgical repair of tendon and muscle

18

laminectomy

surgical removal of the bony posterior arch of a vertebra to permit surgical access to the disk so that the herniated material can be removed

19

diskectomy

complete excision of an intervertebral disk

20

antiinflammatories

medication used to reduce inflammation

21

antiarthritics

various forms of therapy that relieve the symptoms of arthritis

22

arthrocentesis

the removal of excess fluid that can accumulate on a synovial joint after injury

23

arthroplasty

surgical reconstruction or replacement of a joint

24

myelosuppression

inhibiting bone marrow activity