Major Bones of the Body

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created 5 years ago by Erin_Cook_Phillips
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updated 5 years ago by Erin_Cook_Phillips
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1

cranium

skull

2

costa

rib

3

sternum

breastbone

4

spine

backbone

5

vertebrae

spinal bones

6

cervical vertebrae

upper most spinal bones

C1-C7

7

thoracic vertebrae

middle spinal bones

T1-T12

8

lumbar vertebrae

Lower spinal bones

L1-L5

9

sacrum

sacral vertebrae

5 fused bones inferior to the lumbar vertebrae

10

coccyx

tail bone

4 fused vertebrae inferior to the sacrum

11

clavicle

collarbone

12

scapula

shoulder blade

13

humerus

upper arm bone

14

radius

bone of the forearm

in line with the thumb

15

ulna

forearm bone

in line with the pinky finger

16

carpals

wrist bones

17

metacarpals

bones of the hand

18

phalanges

bones of the fingers or toes

19

ilium

uppermost and largest bone of the pelvis

20

ischium

the bone forming the lower portion of the pelvic bone (hip bone)

the part you sit on

21

pubis

anterior pelvic bone

22

femur

thigh bone

23

patella

kneecap

24

fibula

lateral and smaller bone of the lower leg

25

tibia

medial and larger bone of the lower leg

26

tarsals

ankle bones

27

calcaneus

heel bone

28

metatarsals

bones of the feet

29

musculoskeletal

pertaining to the muscles and the skeleton

30

hematopoiesis

blood production

(bones store mineral salts important in blood production)

31

orthopedics

branch of medicine involved in prevention and correction of deformities or disease of the musculoskeletal system, especially those of the bones, muscles, joints, ligaments, and tendons.

32

orthopedist

one who treats musculoskeletal disorders in people of all ages.