Self Test: Part A

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1

Name the four basic tissue types in the human body

Epithelial

Connective

Muscular

Nervous

2

How many separate bones are found in the human body

206

3

Which of the body's systems distributes oxygen and nutrients to the cells of the body?

Circulatory

4

Which of the body's systems maintains the acid-base balance in the body?

Urinary

5

Which of the body's systems is considered to be the largest organ of the human body?

Integumentary

6

The two divisions of the human skeleton are:

Axial and Appendicular

7

Which portion of the long bones is responsible for the production of red blood cells?

Spongy or cancellous

8

What type of tissue covers the ends of the long bones?

Hyaline or articular cartilage

9

The narrow space between the inner and outer table of the flat bones in the cranium is called the:

diploe

10

What is the primary center for endochondral ossification in long bones?

Diaphysis (shaft)

11

What is the name of the secondary growth centers of endochondral ossification found in long bones?

Epiphyses

12

The aspect of long bones where bone growth in length occurs is termed:

Metaphysis

13

A skull suture has the structural classification of a ________ joint?

Fibrous

14

The symphysis pubis has the structural classification of a _______ joint?

Cartilaginous

15

Which specific joint(s) is (are) the only true syndesmosis, amphiarthrodial, fibrous, joint(s)?

Distal tibiofibular joint

16

The sternum is classified as what type of bone?

flat bone

17

the femur is classified as what type of bone?

long bone

18

The tarsal bones are classified as what type of bone?

short bone

19

The pelvic bones are classified as what type of bone?

irregular bone

20

The scapulae are classified as what type of bone?

flat bone

21

The humerus is classified as what type of bone?

long bone

22

The vertebrae are classified as what type of bone?

Irregular bone

23

The calvarium has what bone classification?

flat bone

24

The three structural classifications of joints are:

synovial

cartilaginous

fibrous

25

The first carpometacarpal joint performs what type of movement?

Sellar (saddle)

26

The intercarpal joint performs what type of movement?

Plane (gliding)

27

The hip joint performs what type of movement?

Spheroidal (ball and socket)

28

The proximal radioulnar joint performs what type of movement?

Trochoidal (pivot)

29

The interphalangeal joint performs what type of movement?

Ginglymus (hinge)

30

The fourth metacarpalphalangeal joint performs what type of movement?

Ellipsoidal (condyloid)

31

The knee joint performs what type of movement?

Bicondylar

32

The wrist joint performs what type of movement?

Ellipsoidal (condyloid)

33

The joint between C1 and C2 performs what type of movement?

Trochoidal (pivot)

34

The ankle joint performs what type of movement?

Sellar (saddle)