Ch.1 Review Exercise A

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General Systemic, and Skeletal Anatomy and Arthrology Textbook pages (4-14)
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1

The lowest level of the structural organization of the human body:

Chemical Level

2

List the four basic types of tissues in the body:

epithelial, connective, muscular, and nervous

3

List the ten systems of the human body:

endocrine, integumentary, circulatory, skeletal, muscular, nervous, digestive, reproductive, urinary, and respiratory

4

Eliminates solid waste from the body:

digestive system

5

Regulates fluid and electrolyte balance and volume:

urinary system

6

maintains posture

muscular system

7

Regulates body activities with electrical impulses:

nervous system

8

Regulates bodily activity through various hormones:

endocrine system

9

Eliminates carbon dioxide from the blood:

respiratory system

10

Receives stimuli, such as temperature, pressure, and pain:

integumentary system

11

Reproduces the organism:

reproductive system

12

Helps regulate body temperature:

circulatory system

13

Supports and protects many soft tissues of the body:

skeletal system

14

True or False:

One of the six functions of the circulatory system is to protect against disease.

True

15

Which of the body systems regulate body temperature?

Integumentary System

16

What is the largest organ system in the body?

Integumentary System

17

List the two divisions of the human skeletal system:

axial and appendicular

18

True or False:

The adult skeleton system contains 256 separate bones.

False

19

True or False:

The scapula is part of the axial skeleton.

False

20

True or False:

The skull is part of the axial skeleton.

True

21

True or false :

The pelvis is part of the appendicular skeleton.

True

22

List the four classifications of bones:

long, short, flat, and irregular

23

The outer covering of a long bone, which is composed of a dense, fibrous membrane, is called what?

periosteum

24

Which aspect of long bones is responsible for the production of red blood cells?

medullary aspect

25

Which aspect of the long bone is essential for bone growth, repair and nutrition?

periosteum

26

What is the primary growth center for long bones?

body (diaphysis)

27

What is the secondary growth center for long bones?

epiphysis

28

True or False:

Epiphyseal fusion of the long bone is complete by the age of 16 years.

False

29

The ______ is the wider portion of a long bone in which bone growth in length occurs.

metaphysis

30

At what age is epiphyseal fusion of the long bone complete?

25

31

List the three function classifications of joints:

synarthrosis, amphiarthrosis, and diarthrosis

32

Define:

Synarthrosis

immovable joint

33

Define:

Amphiarthrosis

Joint with limited movement

34

Define:

Diarthrosis

Freely moveable joint

35

List the three structural classifications of joints:

fibrous, cartilaginous, and synovial

36

First carpometacarpal of thumb

synovial joint

37

roots around teeth

fibrous joint

38

proximal radioulnar joint

synovial joint

39

skull sutures

fibrous joint

40

epiphyses

cartilaginous joint

41

interphalangeal joints

synovial joint

42

distal tibiofibular joint

fibrous

43

intervertebral disk space

cartilaginous joint

44

symphysis pubis

cartilaginous joint

45

hip joint

synovial joint

46

List the seven types of movement for synovial joints (give both of the preferred terms):

Plane/Gliding, Ginglymus/Hinge, Trochoid/Pivot, Ellipsoid/Condylar, Sellar/Saddle, Spheroidal/Ball & Socket, bicondylar

47

What is the movement of the first carpometacarpal joint?

Sellar (saddle)

48

What is the movement of the elbow joint?

Ginglymus (hinge)

49

What is the movement of the shoulder joint?

Spheroidal (ball & socket)

50

What is the movement of the intercarpal joint?

Plane (gliding)

51

What is the movement of the wrist joint?

Ellipsoidal (condylar)

52

What is the movement of the temporomandibular joint?

Bicondylar

53

What is the movement of the first and second cervical vertebra joint?

Trochoidal (pivot)

54

What is the movement of the second interphalangeal joint?

Ginglymus (hinge)

55

What is the movement of the distal radioulnar joint?

Trochoidal (pivot)

56

What is the movement of the ankle joint?

Sellar (saddle)

57

What is the movement of the knee joint?

Bicondylar

58

What is the movement of the third metacarpophalangeal joint?

Ellipsoidal (condylar)