Social Psychology- Understanding the Self
What is self esteem?
Evaluative construct reflecting the degree to which an individual feels positive about him/herself.
-Global and relatively stable
-Comparison between ideal and actual self
What is self concept?
Refers to a multitude of attributes and roles through which individuals describe themselves
Self-description - the assessment of “real” self
What determines Commitment to a Role?
- Spontaneous enjoyment of performance of a role
- Spontaneous loyalty to individuals who react favourably toward fulfillment of a role
- Anticipation of perceived reward
- Avoidance of perceived punishment
What is Athletic Identity?
The degree to which an individual identifies him/herself with the athletic role (Brewer et al., 1993).
What are some Positive Effects of High Athletic Identity?
Increased social relationships
What are some Negative Effects of High Athletic Identity?
- Anxiety when not training
- Linked to positive deviance or over conformity to norms of sport
-Difficulties with sport disengagement
What is BIRGing - Basking In Reflected Glory?
(a phenomenon in which individuals identify positively with a particular individual or team)
What is CORFing - Cutting Off Reflected Failure?
(image protecting technique which enables individuals to protect their self-esteem and avoid negative evaluation from others by distancing themselves psychologically from unsuccessful individuals and team)
What is Self-presentation?
The processes by which people monitor and control how they are perceived by others (Schlenker, 1980)
Give examples to describe self presentation.
- Need not be conscious
- The impression need not be accurate(either objectively or in the presenter’s own view)
• It is not often deceptive (e.g.,in order to tactically control the inferences that others draw about us, we selectively present sides of ourselves that will result in the outcomes we desire while concealing information that is inconsistent with the impressions we want others to form)
• In some situations/contexts it matters more
High self-presentational concerns are associated with?
• Social anxiety
• Fear of negative evaluation
What are the main Primary Self-Presentational Motives?
1. To obtain rewards or avoid undesired outcomes
2. Self-esteem maintenance/enhancement
3. Development/creation of a particular identity
• Why do athletes engage in self-presentation?
- To impress the coach or fans
- To fulfill certain roles within the team
How can self-presentation be motivating?
- Improved body image/physical attractiveness
- Social recognition and status of being an athlete
How can self-presentation be amotivating?
– Being overweightnot wanting to be seen in public
– Lack of confidencenot wanting to be seen in public