adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH)
A hormone that stimulates the production and secretion of glucocorticoids; it is released by the anterior pituitary gland.
follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH)
A hormone secreted by the anterior pituitary; it stimulates oogenesis and spermatogenesis.
The formation of glucose in the liver from proteins and fats.
The sugar (starch) formed from glucose; it is stored mainly in the liver.
The abnormal presence of glucose in the urine.
growth hormone (GH)
Also called somatotropic hormone; it stimulates tissue growth and restricts tissue glucose dependence when nutrients are not available.
luteinizing hormone (LH)
A hormone produced by the anterior pituitary gland that promotes ovulation.
Excessive urination during the night.
A hormone secreted by the anterior pituitary gland that stimulates the development of the mammary gland.
The state of being satisfied or feeling full after eating.
The density of urine compared with an equal volume of water.
thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH)
A hormone secreted by the anterior pituitary gland that stimulates the secretion of hormones produced by the thyroid gland.
secrete their products, hormones, directly into the blood rather than through a duct.
The major glands of the endocrine system include the?
hypothalamus and adrenal glands.
Vasopressin deficiency. Central: vasopressin not produced. Nephrogenic: V2 receptor defect. Symptoms: polyuria (12-20L/day), compensatory polydipsia. NOT RELATED TO GLUCOSE!!
Fasting Blood sugar
hunger, fatigue, weakness, sweating, headache, dizziness, low bp, cold or clammy skin
Type 1 diabetes
the type of diabetes in which the pancreas produces no or very little insulin; often diagnosed in childhood, although some cases arise in adulthood. formerly called juvenile-onset or insulin-dependent diabetes ACUTE AND LACK OF INSULIN PRODUCTION
Type 2 diabetes
progressive disorder in which body cells become less responsive to insulin. 90-95% more frequently occurs
Type 1 diabetes sufferers cannot use ________ ________ for treatment.
lower insulin dosage
Pt. with higher activity levels receive a _______ ________ _______.
Physically show them
How do you teach a patient to use a glucometer?
Type 2 diabetes sufferers can use ________ insulin for treatment.
Normal glucose range
The pancreas is an __________ _________.
Endocrine glands produce what?
What controls the pituitary gland?
regulates calcium levels.
metabolism is created or controlled by the __________.
Plays a huge role in T-cell maturation.
A1C Level 7 is ______.
What is the fasting glucose level without diabetes?
Where is insulin administered?
Fast acting insulin
Is insulin administered by injection or inhalation?
endocrine glands embedded in the back of the thyroid gland
Type one diabetes has an _____ onset
Results from hypersecretion of cortisol
tingling and burning in feet, Diabetic neuropathy symptoms
This is caused by the glomerulus getting to much sugar
The endocrine that requires _______ is called your thyroid.
Is used to treat diabetes insipidus
Which drugs are used to treat hypothyroidism?
levoxal, levothroid, synthroid
Fasting blood sugar of someone with diabetes is?
Which area of body should diabetics consistently check?
Insulin shock occurs when the bood glucose level is too ________.
a hemoglobin A1c test can detect the average blood sugar level for how long?
2 to 3 months.
Patients who experience TIAs have temporary symptoms
because the tissue _________ is short-lived. , ischemia
A child who has a febrile seizure is _______ __________ with epilepsy
intermediate acting insulin take at bedtime.
Oral Hypoglycemic medication for type 2 diabetes.
avandia / glucophage
Diabetics have an Increased/ lowered risk for CVA?
accumulation of ketone bodies in the blood symptoms include a fruity smelling breath.
TSH - Thyroid Stimulating Hormone
anterior pituitary hormone that stimulates the function of the thyroid gland The pituitary gland produces this hormone.
rare childhood disorder with deficiencies of glucocorticoids and mineralocorticoids, may occur as a result of trauma, infection or autoimmune response, develops gradually.
oral glucose tolerance test; blood test to measure the body's response to a concentrated glucose solution. may be used to diagnose diabetes mellitus
First appears in pregnancy and disappears after pregnancy is terminated. FBS higher than 105 mg/dl
Lowers blood glucose levels by increasing insulin secretion. Helps patients lose weight and improve glycemic control.
can also cause diabetic neuropathy.
Glands that secrete into the blood stream
If someone goes into insulin shock give them?
If you have hypothyroidism what drug would you use?
What's calcium in the blood & bones, what's the hormone?
Parathyroid is located where?
sides /back of the neck
The pancreases regulates?
Glucose in the blood
Complications of Diabetes
-Diabetic Insulin coma