Endocrine Exam

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1

adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH)

A hormone that stimulates the production and secretion of glucocorticoids; it is released by the anterior pituitary gland.

2

follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH)

A hormone secreted by the anterior pituitary; it stimulates oogenesis and spermatogenesis.

3

Gluconeogenesis

The formation of glucose in the liver from proteins and fats.

4

Glycogen

The sugar (starch) formed from glucose; it is stored mainly in the liver.

5

Glycosuria

The abnormal presence of glucose in the urine.

6

growth hormone (GH)

Also called somatotropic hormone; it stimulates tissue growth and restricts tissue glucose dependence when nutrients are not available.

7

luteinizing hormone (LH)

A hormone produced by the anterior pituitary gland that promotes ovulation.

8

Nocturia

Excessive urination during the night.

9

Polyphagia

Increased appetite.

10

prolactin (PRL)

A hormone secreted by the anterior pituitary gland that stimulates the development of the mammary gland.

11

Satiety

The state of being satisfied or feeling full after eating.

12

specific gravity

The density of urine compared with an equal volume of water.

13

thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH)

A hormone secreted by the anterior pituitary gland that stimulates the secretion of hormones produced by the thyroid gland.

14

Endocrine Glands

secrete their products, hormones, directly into the blood rather than through a duct.

15

The major glands of the endocrine system include the?

pineal gland,
pituitary gland,
pancreas,
ovaries,
testes,
thyroid gland,
parathyroid gland,
hypothalamus and adrenal glands.

16

diabetes insipitus

Vasopressin deficiency. Central: vasopressin not produced. Nephrogenic: V2 receptor defect. Symptoms: polyuria (12-20L/day), compensatory polydipsia. NOT RELATED TO GLUCOSE!!

17

Over 126

Fasting Blood sugar

18

hypoglycemia symptoms

hunger, fatigue, weakness, sweating, headache, dizziness, low bp, cold or clammy skin

19

Type 1 diabetes

the type of diabetes in which the pancreas produces no or very little insulin; often diagnosed in childhood, although some cases arise in adulthood. formerly called juvenile-onset or insulin-dependent diabetes ACUTE AND LACK OF INSULIN PRODUCTION

20

Type 2 diabetes

progressive disorder in which body cells become less responsive to insulin. 90-95% more frequently occurs

21

oral insulin

Type 1 diabetes sufferers cannot use ________ ________ for treatment.

22

lower insulin dosage

Pt. with higher activity levels receive a _______ ________ _______.

23

Physically show them

How do you teach a patient to use a glucometer?

24

Oral

Type 2 diabetes sufferers can use ________ insulin for treatment.

25

80-120

Normal glucose range

26

endocrine gland

The pancreas is an __________ _________.

27

Hormones

Endocrine glands produce what?

28

Hypothalamus

What controls the pituitary gland?

29

parathyroid gland

regulates calcium levels.

30

Thyroid

metabolism is created or controlled by the __________.

31

thamus gland

Plays a huge role in T-cell maturation.

32

170

A1C Level 7 is ______.

33

70-110

What is the fasting glucose level without diabetes?

34

Subcutaneous

Where is insulin administered?

35

Lispro

Fast acting insulin

36

Injection

Is insulin administered by injection or inhalation?

37

Parathyroid

endocrine glands embedded in the back of the thyroid gland

38

Acute

Type one diabetes has an _____ onset

39

Cushing's disease

Results from hypersecretion of cortisol

40

numbness

tingling and burning in feet, Diabetic neuropathy symptoms

41

This is caused by the glomerulus getting to much sugar

diabetic neuropathy,

42

The endocrine that requires _______ is called your thyroid.

Iodine

43

Is used to treat diabetes insipidus

Desmopressin

44

Which drugs are used to treat hypothyroidism?

levoxal, levothroid, synthroid

45

Fasting blood sugar of someone with diabetes is?

100-125

46

Which area of body should diabetics consistently check?

feet

47

Insulin shock occurs when the bood glucose level is too ________.

low

48

a hemoglobin A1c test can detect the average blood sugar level for how long?

2 to 3 months.

49

Patients who experience TIAs have temporary symptoms

because the tissue _________ is short-lived. , ischemia

50

A child who has a febrile seizure is _______ __________ with epilepsy

not diagnosed

51

intermediate acting insulin take at bedtime.

NPH

52

Oral Hypoglycemic medication for type 2 diabetes.

avandia / glucophage

53

Diabetics have an Increased/ lowered risk for CVA?

increased

54

accumulation of ketone bodies in the blood symptoms include a fruity smelling breath.

ketoacidosis

55

excessive thirst

polydipsia

56

TSH - Thyroid Stimulating Hormone

anterior pituitary hormone that stimulates the function of the thyroid gland The pituitary gland produces this hormone.

57

regulates sleep

Melatonin

58

Addison's disease

rare childhood disorder with deficiencies of glucocorticoids and mineralocorticoids, may occur as a result of trauma, infection or autoimmune response, develops gradually.

59

OGTT

oral glucose tolerance test; blood test to measure the body's response to a concentrated glucose solution. may be used to diagnose diabetes mellitus

60

gestational diabetes

First appears in pregnancy and disappears after pregnancy is terminated. FBS higher than 105 mg/dl

61

Byetta

Lowers blood glucose levels by increasing insulin secretion. Helps patients lose weight and improve glycemic control.

62

microvascular disease

can also cause diabetic neuropathy.

63

Glands that secrete into the blood stream

endocrine

64

If someone goes into insulin shock give them?

-OJ
-Candy

65

If you have hypothyroidism what drug would you use?

Cinthroid (inforthroxin)

66

What's calcium in the blood & bones, what's the hormone?

Parathyroid hormone

67

Parathyroid is located where?

sides /back of the neck

68

The pancreases regulates?

Glucose in the blood

69

Complications of Diabetes

-Insulin Shock
-Diabetic Insulin coma

70

Hypoglycemia Symptoms

...

71

Hypoglycemia Differences

...

72

Hypoglycemia Causes

...