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1

The combining form for radiant energy such as x-rays

radi/o

2

the process of making an x-ray image

radiography

3

the person who makes the image

radiographer

4

an x-ray image

radiograph

5

most common radiograph

chest x-ray

6

CXR

abbreviations for chest x-ray

7

Substances that allow radiation to pass through readily are said to be

radiopaque

8

Radiography using a contrast agent is called

contrast radiography

9

radiography without the use of a contrast agent is called

plain film radiograaphy

10

special opaque substances injuected or ingested to enhance the contrast of various soft tissue structures

contrast agents, or contrast media

11

a special type of x-ray machine that enables the radiologist to view the x-ray image in motion in real time

fluoroscope

12

The process of examination using the fluoroscope is

fluoroscopy

13

fluor/o

luminous

14

nuclear medicine

refers to the medical use of radioactive materials

15

radiopharmaceuticals

radioactive materials that contain unstable isotopes that give off radiation in their attempt to reach stability

16

how does nuclear medicine differ from most other imaging methods

it provides info about the function fo organs and tissues

17

what organs can be demonstrated by nuclear medicine techniques?

thyroid gland, liver, lungs, brain, skeletal system, kidneys, heart, and blood vessels

18

Positron emission tomography (PET)

highly specialized nuclear medicine technique which radioactive substances from within the body are detected and mapped by specialized equipment to obtain information about the function of organs, tissues, or systems

19

Single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT)

nuclear medicine modality similar to PET that uses different radiopharmaceuticals and studies the brain and the heart

20

These dual processes are called fusion imaging.

hybrid imaging systems blends equipment of both types into one unit that scans for both functional and structural imaging information and automatically correlates the results in a single procedure.

21

what are the basic types of fusion imaging

PET-CT, PET-MRI, and SPECT-CT

22

combing forms son/o and ech/o means?

sound

23

terms for the process of making diagnostic images using sound waves

Sonography and echography

24

ultra-

beyond or excess

25

ultrasound

refers to sound waves that are beyond the range of the human ear

26

Diagnostic ultrasound imaging is another term for

sonography

27

An image made using sound waves,

sonogram

28

examination of the heart using ultrasound is called?

echocardiography

29

abbreviation for treatment

tx

30

Another term that means treatment

therapy

31

literally means mind treatment and is the term for the treatment of mental and behavioral disorders

psychotherapy

32

The combining form that means treatment or therap

therapeut/o

33

cry/o,

cold

34

cryotherapy

term for the use of cold temperatures as a treatment

35

therm/o

heat

36

thermotherapy

treatment by means of heat, as in application of a hot compress

37

Therapeutic radiology

is the use of radiation to treat cancer.

38

Therapeutic radiology may also be referred to

radiation oncology

39

Chemotherapy

refers to the use of chemical agents to treat disease

40

chem/o

means chemical

41

Pharmacotherapy

the term for the treatment of disease by use of medications

42

algesi/o

combining form that means pain

43

an-

without

44

-ic

pertaining to

45

analgesic

pertaining to without pain

46

Esthesi/o

means sensation or feeling

47

Narc/o

combining form that means sleep or stupor

48

narcotic

a drug that tends to produce sleep or stupor.

49

combining forms tox/o and toxic/o

mean poison

50

Toxic

pertaining to poison

51

toxicoloty

the study of poisons

52

toxicologist

a person whose field of study is toxicology

53

overdose

A dose that exceeds the therapeutic quantity of a medication is termed

54

OD

abbreviations for overdose

55

what does an overdose of narcotics cause

respiratory depression, a life threatening effect

56

what is the name of the class of drugs that are used to treat pain?

analgesics

57

PO

When the route of medication administration is by mouth

58

NPO

If the patient is allowed nothing by mouth

59

stat

immediately

60

aq. ad lib

to give water freely

61

dermatome

a surgical instrument to remove skin for a skin graft.

62

craniotome

special surgical instrument used to cut into the bones of the skull, the cranium.

63

-tome

surgical instrument that is used to cut.

64

-tomy

to cut into or incise

65

craniotomy

an incision into a bone of the skull

66

thorac/o

chest

67

thoracotomy

incision into the thorax or chest

68

tracheostomy

procedure to make an opening in the windpipe