Chapter 1

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1

What are two ways you can use maps?

~A reference tool
~A communication tool

2

What are the three scales?

~ A ratio/ Fraction
~A written scale
~A graphic scale

3

What are some ways a map can be distorted?

1. Shape
2. Distance
3. Relative size
4. Direction
5. projection

4

Describe the U.S. Land Ordinance of 1785.

~Much of the U.S. was divided into townships
~Townships were based upon meridians and baselines
~Townships were 6 mi. x 6 mi.
~Townships were separated into 36 sections

5

Name two of the three satellited-based Imagery tools.

~GPS
~GIS
~Remote sensing

6

What is the difference between Site, Situation, andlocation?

Site is the physical characteristics of a place whereas the situation is the location relative to another place. The location is the position of something on earth and the mathematical location is latitude and longitude

7

What are the three regions?

~Formal Region- area in which everyone shares a common characteristic
~Functional Region- area organized around a focal point
~Vernacular Region- place that people belive exists as part of their own belief

8

What is the difference between caring about something and taking care of something?

~To care about something- to adore or worship something as in the modern word cult
~To take care of something- to nurse or look after something as in the modern word cultivate

9

Name two climates and two biomes.

TRopical, Dry, Warm Mid- Latitude, Cold- mid-latitude, Polar
Forest, Savanna, Grassland, desert

10

What is distribution?

Distribution is the arrangment of a feature in space.

11

What are the three main properties of distribution?

~Density
~Concentration
~Pattern

12

What is density and what are the three types?

Density is the frequency with which something occurs in space
~Arithmic Density
~Physiological Density
~Agricltural Density

13

Define concentration and pattern. How are they similar?

Concentration is the extent of a feature's spread over space
Pattern is the geometric arrangement of something in space
~Pattern is an organized concentration

14

What is distance decay?

Distance decay is the trailing off a phenomenon.

15

What is diffusion? What are the three types?

Diffusion is the process by which a characteristic spreads across space from one place to another over time.
~Relocation Diffusion
~Expansion Diffusion
~Diffusion of Culture And Economy

16

Name the three processes by which expansion diffusion occurs.

~Hierarchical Diffusion
~Contagious Diffusinon
~Stimulus Diffusion

17

What is culture?

Culture is the body of customary beliefs, material traits, and social forms that together constitute the distinct tradition of a group of people.

18

What effect does globalization have on society?

Globalization is a force or process that involves the entire world and results in making something worldwide in scope. It limits the abbilities of people.