Module 3

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created 8 years ago by lsudduth
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1

diagnosis (dx)

the determination of the nature of a disease and the art of distinguishing one disease or condition from another by the scientific evaluation of signs, symptoms, history, test results, and procedures.

2

sign of disease

an objective manifestation, something that can be observed or measured

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symptom (sx)

a subjective experience of a condition as perceived by the patient

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-algia and -dynia

suffixes mean pain

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myalgia

muscle pain

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arthralgia

joint pain

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ophthalmodynia

eye pain

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Gastralgia and gastrodynia

stomach pain or stomachache

9

-spasm

twitching or cramp

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bronchospasm

refers to a sudden constriction of the air passages of the lungs; causes coughing and difficult breathing and is a clinical feature of asthma.

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-ectasia and -ectasis

dilatation, also called dilation

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bronchiectasis

lung passages are dilated

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telangiectasia

a condition of small dilated blood vessels near the surface of the skin

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hemostasis

control of bleeding

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-stasis

stopping or controlling

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-penia

deficiency or lack of

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osteopenia

lacking bone substance

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Calcipenia

a deficiency of calcium in the body tissues and fluids.

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-malacia

soft or softening of

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osteomalacia

softening of the bone.

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-edema

swelling

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Myxedema

the waxy swelling of the hands, face, and feet that is a characteristic of hypothyroidism

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-emesis (emesis)

vomit, vomiting, or to vomit

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Hematemesis

blood in the vomit

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hepatomegaly

liver, which is greatly enlarged

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splenomegaly

enlargement of the spleen

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acromegaly

disease of the pituitary gland that causes enlargement of the extremities (arms and legs).

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-oid

like or resembling

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dermoid

skin-like or resembling skin.

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dermoid cyst

a sac-like structure containing a collection of tissue that is made up of embryologic cells of the same type as skin, commonly found in the brain, the spinal cord, or an ovary

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-rrhexis

rupture

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Gastrorrhexis

rupture of the stomach

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-rrhea

discharge

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Leukorrhea

white discharge, a common vaginal condition

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-rrhagia and -rrhage

excessive bleeding or hemorrhage

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Hemorrhage

bleeding of blood

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Menorrhagia

excessive menstrual flow