Islamic Empires

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created 9 years ago by koolkatklub10
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updated 9 years ago by koolkatklub10
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1

Ghazis

Warriors of Islam

2

Sultan

Supreme political and military ruler

3

Ankara

This is where Timur the Lame halted the Ottoman advance in 1402.

4

Constantinople

Last important city in the Byzantine empire, captured by Mehmet II.

5

Janissaries

Suleimans elite military force of about 30,000 people from conquered Christian lands.

6

Devshirme

The system by which the sultans army would take Chritsian boys from their homes, educate them, converts them to Islam, and train them as soldiers.

7

Millets

Religious communities recognized by the sultan as a nation. Kept religious conflict to a minimum.

8

Shi'a

A branch of Islam. Official religion of Safavid empire.

9

Sunni

A branch of Islam. Major religion in Baghdad.

10

Isfahan

The capital city of the Safavid empire, rebuilt under the rule of Shah Abbas

11

Jizya

A tax on non-Muslims.

12

Sikhs

Nonviolent religious group whose doctrines blendewd Buddhism, Hinduism, and Sufism.

13

Taj Mahal

The tomb of Shah Jahans wife, one the most beautiful buildings today.

14

Hagia Sophia

...

15

Chaldiran

Selim the Grim defeats the Safavids here.