Supreme Court Cases

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1

Judicial review was established in 1803 case

marbury v. madison

2

in 1819, supremacy of national gov over states was established for both enumerated and implied powers

mcculloh v. maryland

3

bill of rights restrained only the national government and not the states and cities

Barron v. Baltimore

4

state can punish criminal activity without regard to religious belief

Reynolds v. United States

5

freedoms of speech and presses "were fundamental personal rights and liberties protected by the due process clause of the 14th amendment"

Gitlow v. New York

6

further expanded Congress' power to regulate interstate and international commerce by defining commerce very broadly to incorporate every form of commercial activity

gibbons v. ogden

7

separate but equal

Plessy v. Ferguson

8

Justice Oliver Wendell Holmes declared that government can limit speech if it provokes a clear and present danger of "substantive evils"

Schenck v. United States

9

everyone deserves right to attorney

Gideon v. Wainwright

10

place of religion in our society is an exalted one, but in the relationship between man and religion, the State is firmly neutral

Abington Township, Pennsylvania v. Schempp

11

school segregation was unconstitutional

brown v. board of education

12

incorporated the exclusionary rule within the rights that restrict the states as well as the federal government

mapp v ohio

13

courts have jurisdiction over redistricting

baker v. carr

14

prayer as part of classroom exercise violates establishment clause

engel v. vitale

15

constitution guarantees right to privacy

involved contraceptives

Griswold v. Connecticut

16

suspects must be informed of rights before being questioned

Miranda v. Arizona

17

defined the constitutional rights of students in public schools

tinker v. des moines

18

allowed newspapers to publish classified pentagon papers without government censorship

new york times v. United States

19

aid to church-related schools must have a secular legislative purpose, cannot be used to advance or inhibit religion, and should avoid excessive government entanglement

lemon v. kurtzman

20

amish parents were allowed to take children out of school after eighth grade

wisconsin v. yoder

21

death penalty is an extreme sanction, suitable to most extreme crimes

gregg v. georgia

22

upheld federal limits on campaign contributions

buckley v. valeo

23

court objected the use of quota of positions for particular groups, but the court said that a university could use race or ethnic background as one component in admissions procedure

regents of the university of calivifornia v. bakke

24

school newspapers are subject to lower level of first amendment protection

hazelwood v. kuhlmeier

25

state law prohibiting flag desecration violated the first amendment

texas v. johnson

26

states are not required to accommodate illegal acts in pursuit of religious beliefs

such as peyote

oregon v. smith

27

held that while congress has broad lawmaking authority under the commerce clause, the power was limited

carrying handguns

united states v. lopez

28

held that the second amendment protects an individual's right to possess a firearm for traditionally lawful processes

district of columbia v. heller

29

held that first amendment prohibits government from restricting the independent political expenditures by corporations and unions

citizens united v. federal election commission

30

protected unions

national labor relations act

31

created the federal Civil Service and discarded the spoils system

pendleton civil service act

32

anti-union legislation

teft-hartley act

33

requires president to consult congress prior to using military force

war powers resolution

34

required states to permit people to register to vote at the same time citizens apply for driver licenses

motor voter act