Chapter 1: Basic Issues

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Honors World Geography note cards for chapter 1
updated 9 years ago by rvie
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1

What does the word "geography" mean?

Geo-Earth
graphy-write

2

What are the two main categories of geography?

Human and Physical

3

What is a map?

A scale model of the real world.

4

What are maps used for?

As a reference tool and as a communications tool.

5

Where were the earliest surviving maps found?

The middle east in seventh century BC

6

What are the three ways that map scales are represented?

*A ratio or fraction
*A written scale
*A graphic scale

7

How is Earth accurately represented?

In a globe

8

What are the four types of distortion?

Shape, distance, relative size, and direction

9

What two concepts help geographers explain why every point on Earth is unique?

Place and region

10

The site of a place is its-

physical character

11

How can you find a location's mathematical location?

with its lines of longitude and latitude
eg. 20*N 40*W

12

What is a region?

Any area larger than a point and smaller than the entire planet

13

What are examples of a formal region?

Scottsdale, Maricopa County, Arizona

14

What are examples of a functional region?

radio stations, restaurants, tv channels,

15

What are examples of a vernacular region?

People view Scottsdale as hot, sunny, and full of cacti.

16

What are the two meanings of "culture"?

to take care of and to care about

17

What is it that geographers are interested in about a culture in a particular place?

What they care about and what they take care of.
eg. language, religon, traditions eg. material wealth

18

To explain relationships between human activities and the physical environment in a region, modern geographers reject environmental determinism in favor of what?

Possibilism

19

What is Possibilism?

The idea that people have the ability to adjust to their environment

20

Globalization of the economy has led primarily to what?

transnational corporations

21

What is distribution?

The arrangement of a feature in space

22

What is density?

The frequency with which something occurs in space

23

What is pattern?

the geometric arrangements of objects in space

24

What is concentration?

the extent of a feature's spread overspace
eg. close together: clustered far apart: dispersed