Chapter 1: Basic Issues
What does the word "geography" mean?
What are the two main categories of geography?
Human and Physical
What is a map?
A scale model of the real world.
What are maps used for?
As a reference tool and as a communications tool.
Where were the earliest surviving maps found?
The middle east in seventh century BC
What are the three ways that map scales are represented?
*A ratio or fraction
*A written scale
*A graphic scale
How is Earth accurately represented?
In a globe
What are the four types of distortion?
Shape, distance, relative size, and direction
What two concepts help geographers explain why every point on Earth is unique?
Place and region
The site of a place is its-
How can you find a location's mathematical location?
with its lines of longitude and latitude
eg. 20*N 40*W
What is a region?
Any area larger than a point and smaller than the entire planet
What are examples of a formal region?
Scottsdale, Maricopa County, Arizona
What are examples of a functional region?
radio stations, restaurants, tv channels,
What are examples of a vernacular region?
People view Scottsdale as hot, sunny, and full of cacti.
What are the two meanings of "culture"?
to take care of and to care about
What is it that geographers are interested in about a culture in a particular place?
What they care about and what they take care of.
eg. language, religon, traditions eg. material wealth
To explain relationships between human activities and the physical environment in a region, modern geographers reject environmental determinism in favor of what?
What is Possibilism?
The idea that people have the ability to adjust to their environment
Globalization of the economy has led primarily to what?
What is distribution?
The arrangement of a feature in space
What is density?
The frequency with which something occurs in space
What is pattern?
the geometric arrangements of objects in space
What is concentration?
the extent of a feature's spread overspace
eg. close together: clustered far apart: dispersed