Microbiology Final

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Microbiology
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1

Measles (Rubeola)

Measles Virus

2

Rubella (German Measles)

Rubella Virus

3

Fifth Disease (Erythmainfectiosum)

Human parvovirus B19

4

Roseola

Human herpesvirus 6 & 7

5

Hand-Foot-Mouth

Enteroviruses

6

Candidiasis

Candida albicans

7

Impetigo

Staphylococcus aureus

8

Smallpox (variola)

Smallpox (variola) virus

9

Monkeypox

Monkeypox virus

10

Chickenpox (varicella)

Varicella-zoster virus

11

Shingles (herpes-zoster)

Varicella-zoster virus

12

Herpes Simplex

Human herpesvirus 1/2

13

Folliculitis

Staphylococcus aureus

14

Toxic Shock Syndrome

Staphylococcus aureus

15

Necrotizing Fasciitis

Staphylococcus pyogenes

16

Erysipelas

Streptococcus pyogenes

17

Pseudomonas Dermatitis

Pseudomonas aeruginosa

18

Otitis Externa

Pseudomonas aeruginosa

19

Acne

Propionibacterium acnes

20

Buruli Ulcer

Mycobacterium ulcerans

21

Warts

Papillomavirus

22

Ringworm (tinea)

Microsporum, Trichophyton, Epidermophton

23

Sporotrichosis

Sporothrix schenkii

24

Scabies

Sarcoptes scabiei (mite)

25

Pediculosis (lice)

Pediculus humanus capitis

26

Conjunctivitis (bacterial)

Haemophilus influenzae

27

Opthalmia Neonatorum

Neisseria gonorrheae

28

Inclusion Conjunctivitis

Chlamydia trachomatis

29

Trachoma

Chlamydia trachomatis

30

Conjunctivitis (viral)

Adenoviruses

31

Herpetic Keratitis (viral)

Human herpesvirus 1

32

Acanthamoeba Keratitis (protozoan)

Acanthamoeba spp

33

Haemophilus influenzae Meningitis

Neisseria meningitidis

34

Pneumococcal Meningitis

Streptococcus pneumoniae

35

Listeriosis

Listeria monocytogenes

36

Cryptococcosis (fungal)

Cryptococcus neoformans, C. grubii, C. gatti

37

Primary Amoebic Meningoencephalitis

Naegleria fowleri

38

Granulomatous Amebic Encephalitis

Acanthamoeba spp.; Balamuthia mandrillaris

39

African trypanosomiasis (protozoan)

Trypanosoma brucei rhodesiense, T. b. gambiense; Tsetse fly

40

Chagas’ disease (protozoan)

Triatoma kissing bug; Trypanosoma cruzi

41

Leishmaniasis (protozoan)

Sand-fly; no-see-ums

42

Cysticercosis

larvae of Taenia solium (tapeworm) (helminth)

43

Dracunculiasis

copepods (Guinea worm) (helminth)

44

Echinococcosis

Hydatid (helminth)

45

Fascioliasis (food borne trematodiases) (helminth)

common liver fluke Fasciola hepatica as well as byFasciola gigantica

46

Lymphatic filariasis (elephantiasis) (helminth)

roundworms of the Filarioidea type (vectors = mosquitos/flies)

47

Onchocerciasis(river blindness) (helminth)

parasitic worm Onchocerca volvulus (fly = vector)

48

Schistosomiasis(soil-transmitted intestinal worms) (helminth)

Schistosoma spp.

49

Trachoma (bacterial)

Chlamydia trachomatis (fly= vector)

50

Leprosy (Hansen’s disease) (bacterial)

Mycobacterium leprae; M. lepromatosis

51

Yaws (endemic treponematosis) (viral)

T. pallidium

52

Dengue fever

Flavivirus

53

Rabies

Lyssavirus

54

Western Equine Encephalitis

Togavirus Culex

55

Eastern Equine Encephalitis

Togavirus Aedes, Culiseta

56

St. Louis Encephalitis

Flavivirus Culex

57

California Encephalitis

CE virus Bunyavirus

58

West Nile Encephalitis

Culex

59

Tetanus

Clostridium tetani

60

Botulism

Clostridium botulinum

61

Poliomyelitis (Polio?)

Poliovirus

62

Creutzfeldt-Jakob

Prion

63

Kuru

Prion

64

Septic Shock

Grm(-) bact; enterococci, group B streptococci

65

Puerperal Sepsis

Streptococcus pyogenes

66

Endocarditis Sub acute Bacterial; Acute Bacterial

Staphylococcus aureus

67

Pericarditis

Streptococcus pyogenes

68

Rheumatic Fever

Grp A beta hemolytic streptococci

69

Burkitt’s Lymphoma

Epstein-Barr virus

70

Infectious Mononucleosis

Epstein-Barr virus

71

Cytomegalovirus

Cytomegalovirus

72

Kawasaki Syndrome

unknown

73

Brucellosis

Brucella spp.

74

Anthrax

Bacillus anthracis

75

Animal Bites

Pasteurella multocida

76

Rat Bite Fever

Streptobacillus moniliformis; Spirillum minus

77

Cat Scratch fever

Bartonella henselae

78

Toxoplasmosis

Toxoplasma gondii

79

Tularemia

Francisella tularensis

80

Black plague

Yersinia pestis

81

Relapsing Fever

Borrelia spp.

82

Lyme

Borrelia burgdorferi

83

Ehrlichiosis & Anaplasmosis

Ehrlichia spp./Anaplasma spp.

84

Typhus Fever

Rickettsia prowazekii

85

Murine Typhus

typhi

86

Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever

Rickettsia rickettsii

87

Chikungunya Fever

Chikungunya virus

88

Malaria

Plasmodium spp.

89

Babesiosis

Babesia microti

90

Yellow Fever

Flavivirus

91

Emerging Viral Hemorrhagic Fevers (Marburg, Ebola, Lassa)

Filovirus, arenavirus

92

Hantavirus

Bunyavirus (Sin Nombre hantavirus)

93

Gangrene

Clostridium perfringens

94

Schistosomiasis

Schistosoma

95

Epiglottitis

Haemophilus influenzae

96

Pharyngitis

Streptococcus pyogenes

97

Scarlet Fever

Streptococcus pyogenes

98

Diphtheria

Corynebacterium diphtheriae

99

Otitis Media

S. aureus; Strep. pneumoniae; Haemophilus influenzae

100

Common Cold

Rhinovirus; coronavirus

101

Pneumococcal Pneumonia

Streptococcus pneumoniae

102

Haemophilus influenza ; Pneumonia

Haemophilus influenzae

103

Mycopla small Pneumonia

Mycoplasma pneumoniae

104

Legionellosis

Legionella pneumoniae

105

Psittacosis (Omithosis)

Chlamydophilia psittaci

106

Chlamydial Pneumonia

Chlamydophilia pneumoniae

107

Q Fever

Coxiella bumetii

108

Pertussis (whooping cough)

Bordetella pertussis

109

Tuberculosis

Mycobacterium tuberculosis; M bovis; M avium-intracellulare

110

Melioidosis

Burkholderia pseudomallei

111

Respiratory Syncytial Virus (RSV)

Respiratory Syncytial Virus

112

Influenza

Orthomyxoviridae

113

Histoplasmosis

Histoplasma capsulatum

114

Coccidioidomycosis

Coccidioides immitis

115

Pneumocystis Pneumonia

Pneumocystis jirovecii

116

Blastomycosis

Blastomyces dermatidis

117

Dental carries

Streptococcus mutans

118

Periodontal

Porphyromonas spp.

119

Acute Necrotizing Ulcerative Gingivitis

Prevotella intermedia

120

Staphylococcal Food Poisoning

Staph. aureus

121

Shigellosis (bacillary dysentery)

Shigella spp.

122

Salmonellosis

Salmonella enterica

123

Typhoid fever

Salmonella typhimurium

124

Cholera

Vibrio cholerae

125

Vibrio parahaemolyticus Gastroenteritis

V. parahaemolyticus

126

Gastroenteritis

Children: rotovirus; adults: norovirus and Campylobacter

127

Shiga Toxin- Enterohemorrhagic

E. coli

128

Campylobacter

Campylobacter jejuni

129

Helicobacter; Peptic Ulcer

Helicobacter pylori

130

Yersinia

Yersinia enterocolitica

131

Clostridium perfringens

Clostridium perfringens

132

C. difficile

Clostridium difficile

133

Hepatitis A

(Picorna)viridae

134

Hepatitis B

(Hepdna)viridae

135

Hepatitis C

(Flavi)viridae

136

Hepatitis D

(Delta)viridae

137

Hepatitis E

(Calici)viridae

138

Mumps

Paramyxoviridae

139

Viral Gastroenteritis

Rotavirus

140

Ergot Poisoning

Claviceps purpurea

141

Aflatoxin Poisoning

Aspergillus flavus

142

Giardiasis

Giardia intestinalis

143

Cryptosporidiosis

Cryptosporidium hominis; C. parvum

144

Cyclospora Diarrheal Infection

Cyclospora cayetanensis

145

Amoebic Dysentery

Entamoeba histolytica

146

Tapeworms

Taenia saginata, T. solium, Diphylobothrium latum

147

Hydatid

Echinococcus granulosus

148

Hookworm

Necator americanus; Ancyclostoma duodenale

149

Ascariasis

Ascaris lumbricoides

150

Whipworm

Trichuris trichura

151

Trichinellosis

Trichinella spiralis, T. nativa

152

Cystitis (urinary bladder infection)

E. Coli; Staphylococcus saprophyticus

153

Pyelonephritis (kidney infection)

Primary E. Coli

154

Leptospirosis (kidney infection)

Leptospira interrogans

155

Candidiasis

Candida Albicans

156

Trichomoniasis

Bacterium, Gardnerella vaginalis

157

Gonorrhea

Neisseria gonorrhoeae

158

Nongonococcal Urethritis

Chlamydia trachomatis, Mycoplasma hominis, Ureaplasma urealyticum

159

Syphilis

Treponema pallidum

160

Lymph Granuloma Venereum

C. trachomatis

161

Chancroid

Harmophilus ducreyi

162

Genital Herpes

Human herpesvirus 2; very rarely HSV-1

163

Genital Warts

Human papillimocaviruses

164

AIDS

HIV Lentivirus