Human Anatomy & Physiology - Part 2
What does the endocrine system do and by what means?
It influences metabolic activity by means of hormones
The major processes controlled and integrated by these "mighty molecules" are
reproduction, growth and development, maintenance of electrolyte, water, and nutrient balance of the blood, regulation of cellular metabolism and energy balance and mobilization of body defenses
The study of hormones and the endocrine organs is called
Exocrine glands have ducts or are ductless
Endocrine glands have ducts or are ductless
they are ductless
Which one produces hormones. Endocrine glands or exocrine glands?
Exocrine glands produce non-hormonal substances, such as sweat and saliva, and have ducts that carry these substances to a membrane surface
Name the endocrine glands
pituitary, thyroid, parathyroid, adrenal, and pineal glands
The hypothalamus, along with its neural functions, produces and releases hormones, so we can consider the hypothalamus a _________
are chemicals that exert their effects on the same cells that secrete them.
they also act locally but affect cell types other than those releasing the paracrine chemicals.
Most hormones are steroid or amino acid based?
amino acid based
Amino acid based hormones are synthesized from _____?
Steroid based hormones are synthesized from ____?