key issue 1 chap 1
What are the two types of geography?
Human (religion, activities) and Physical (natural forces, climate)
What are the two types of human behaviors?
culture and economy
Name the two things that branch from cartography
scale and projection
Maps store reference material (shortest route) and can...
reveal the dynamic process (migration;disease)
Name the 3 cultures that helped create mapmaking and cartography
Romans, Chinese, and Muslim
Picture of the roman empire
What are the different ways that scale can be shown and used?
fraction/ratios, written statements, and a graphic bar scale
1/24,000 or 1:24000 1 inch = 1 mile |----| 24000
What are the 4 distortions that happen when we transfer the world on to a map
1. Shape of area (squat, elongated)
2. Distance between two point
3. Relative size (smaller in reality)
4. Direction distorted
What is the Land Ordinance of 1785?
Divided the west in to townships including splitting with principle meridians and base lines.
Picture of: township in Kansas
Name the 3 contemporary tools stated
GIS, Remote Sensing, GPS
Picture of: GIS
What are the contemporary tools used for?
GIS: produce maps efficiently, stores in layers, and relations with location
Remote Sensing: scans surface, has grid containing rows of pixels, as small as one meter across
GPS: has 2 dozen satellites, navigation for many aircraft, in vehicles for directions